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Mammals are the third most threatened group of vertebrates and tropical ones are the
most endangered according to recent studies. The Buenaventura Reserve protects 20
km2 of Montane Tropical forest in the southwestern part of the Ecuadorian Andes. This
study estimates the mammal species richness of this reserve by using camera traps
and occasional sightings. We recorded 20 species of large and medium-sized mammals
in this small protected area, which shows the reserve’s important role in the conservation
of these species. This study also shows the conservation priority that these forests
should have in the western part of the Ecuadorian Andes.