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      The effect of regular aerobic exercise on sleep quality and fatigue among female student dormitory residents


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          Emerging research shows a high prevalence of fatigue and sleep problems among university students. The present study evaluates the effects of regular aerobic exercise on sleep quality and fatigue level among female students (ages 18–26) who reside in dormitories.


          This quasi-experimental study involving 67 participants consisted of one experimental group (i.e., assigned aerobic exercise) and one control group (i.e., not assigned aerobic exercise). Participants in the experimental group received three one-hour sessions aerobic exercise weekly ranging from mild to moderate intensity for eight-week. Sleep quality and fatigue level were evaluated using the Pittsburgh Sleep Quality Index (PSQI) and standard Multidimensional Fatigue Inventory (MFI-20), respectively. These variables were assessed at baseline, week four, and week eight of the study.


          After four and 8 weeks of the intervention, participants in the aerobic group showed improvement in the score of sleep quality ( p < 0.001 and p < 0.0001, respectively) and its components (except for sleep duration after 4 weeks intervention). Also, aerobic exercise resulted in a significant reduction of the total score of fatigue and its dimensions in weeks four and eight, compared to the control group ( p < 0.001).


          Four-week aerobic exercise with mild intensity had no significant effect on sleep duration. Conversely, intensified aerobic exercise for 8 weeks influenced all components of sleep quality.

          Trial registration

          The study was registered on 6/2/2015 in the Iranian Registry of Clinical Trials (IRCT) with number IRCT201412282324N15.

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          Most cited references41

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          Clinical Practice Guideline for the Pharmacologic Treatment of Chronic Insomnia in Adults: An American Academy of Sleep Medicine Clinical Practice Guideline.

          The purpose of this guideline is to establish clinical practice recommendations for the pharmacologic treatment of chronic insomnia in adults, when such treatment is clinically indicated. Unlike previous meta-analyses, which focused on broad classes of drugs, this guideline focuses on individual drugs commonly used to treat insomnia. It includes drugs that are FDA-approved for the treatment of insomnia, as well as several drugs commonly used to treat insomnia without an FDA indication for this condition. This guideline should be used in conjunction with other AASM guidelines on the evaluation and treatment of chronic insomnia in adults.
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            Joint Consensus Statement of the American Academy of Sleep Medicine and Sleep Research Society on the Recommended Amount of Sleep for a Healthy Adult: Methodology and Discussion.

            The American Academy of Sleep Medicine and Sleep Research Society recently released a Consensus Statement regarding the recommended amount of sleep to promote optimal health in adults. This paper describes the methodology, background literature, voting process, and voting results for the consensus statement. In addition, we address important assumptions and challenges encountered during the consensus process. Finally, we outline future directions that will advance our understanding of sleep need and place sleep duration in the broader context of sleep health.
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              Reliability and validity of the Persian version of the Pittsburgh Sleep Quality Index (PSQI-P).

              There is a high worldwide prevalence of sleep quality disturbances, and sleep disturbances have been associated with numerous diseases. Thus, it is important to assess sleep quality. The Pittsburgh Sleep Quality Index (PSQI) is a self-rating questionnaire that can be completed within 5 min, but no Persian language version is available. We translated the PSQI into Persian and then back into English to ensure the accuracy of the translation. A total of 125 psychiatric patients (generalized anxiety disorder, n = 37; major depression, n = 35; schizophrenia, n = 28; primary insomnia, n = 25) and 133 controls completed our Persian version of this questionnaire. Internal consistency, construct validity, and sensitivity and specificity of the PSQI were assessed. The mean ages (±SD) of the patient and control groups were 36.8 years (±13.9) and 34.2 years (±9.8), respectively (p = 0.08). Cronbach's alpha coefficient for all subjects was 0.77 and was 0.52 for the patient group and 0.78 for the control group. The corrected item-total correlations ranged from 0.30 to 0.75 for the seven component scores of the PSQI. When the general health questionnaire-12 was used as a measure of psychiatric morbidity, it was well correlated with the PSQI scores (r = 0.54, p < 0.001). The sensitivity and specificity of discrimination of insomniac patients from control subjects were 94% and 72% for a PSQI cutoff value of 5 and 85% and 84% for a PSQI cutoff value of 6. The psychometric properties of the Persian version of the PSQI were acceptable.

                Author and article information

                BMC Sports Sci Med Rehabil
                BMC Sports Sci Med Rehabil
                BMC Sports Science, Medicine and Rehabilitation
                BioMed Central (London )
                5 August 2020
                5 August 2020
                : 12
                [1 ]GRID grid.411746.1, ISNI 0000 0004 4911 7066, Department of Midwifery and Reproductive Health, Faculty of Nursing and Midwifery, , Iran University of Medical Sciences, ; Tehran, Iran
                [2 ]GRID grid.63054.34, ISNI 0000 0001 0860 4915, School of Nursing, University of Connecticut, ; Storrs, CT USA
                [3 ]GRID grid.417689.5, Population Health Research Group, Health Metrics Research Center, Iranian Institute for Health Sciences Research, ACECR, ; Tehran, Iran
                © The Author(s) 2020

                Open AccessThis article is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License, which permits use, sharing, adaptation, distribution and reproduction in any medium or format, as long as you give appropriate credit to the original author(s) and the source, provide a link to the Creative Commons licence, and indicate if changes were made. The images or other third party material in this article are included in the article's Creative Commons licence, unless indicated otherwise in a credit line to the material. If material is not included in the article's Creative Commons licence and your intended use is not permitted by statutory regulation or exceeds the permitted use, you will need to obtain permission directly from the copyright holder. To view a copy of this licence, visit http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/. The Creative Commons Public Domain Dedication waiver ( http://creativecommons.org/publicdomain/zero/1.0/) applies to the data made available in this article, unless otherwise stated in a credit line to the data.

                : 31 December 2019
                : 14 July 2020
                Research Article
                Custom metadata
                © The Author(s) 2020

                aerobic exercise,sleep quality,fatigue,dormitory students


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