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      Perfluorocarbons and Semifluorinated Alkanes

      ,

      Seminars in Ophthalmology

      Informa UK Limited

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          Most cited references 39

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          Low viscosity liquid fluorochemicals in vitreous surgery.

           S. Chang (1987)
          Low viscosity liquid fluorocarbons have physical properties potentially useful as intraoperative adjuncts during vitreous surgery for complicated retinal detachments. These substances are optically clear, have specific gravity greater than that of water, and interfacila tension properties similar to those of silicone oil. In four patients who had complicated retinal detachments I used perfluorotributylamine and perfluorodecalin during vitreous surgery. Two giant retinal tears were flattened intraoperatively without turning the patient into the prone position. In two patients with severe proliferative vitreoretinopathy, perfluorotributylamine allowed adequate retinal tamponade and avoided a posterior retinotomy for internal drainage of subretinal fluid. Endophotocoagulation was applied.
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            Intraoperative perfluorocarbon liquids in the management of proliferative vitreoretinopathy.

            Three low-viscosity perfluorocarbon liquids were used intraoperatively for hydrokinetic manipulation of the retina during vitreous surgery for retinal detachment with advanced proliferative vitreoretinopathy. All 23 patients had massive proliferative vitreoretinopathy (Grade D, Retina Society classification), and 16 (69.6%) had Grade D-3 with a closed-funnel configuration. In 21 eyes the retina could be flattened intraoperatively by perfluorocarbon liquids without requiring posterior retinotomy for internal drainage of subretinal fluid. The temporary mechanical fixation of the retina provided by this tool facilitated the removal of epiretinal membranes and release of traction. Fifteen eyes (65.2%) maintained long-term retinal reattachment with follow-up of six months or more. These liquids are useful adjuncts in the management of retinal detachment with severe proliferative vitreoretinopathy.
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              Contact angles of substances used for internal tamponade in retinal detachment surgery.

              In order to ascertain the tamponade effect of air and silicone oil we examined the contact angles subtended by ex vivo human retina, Teflon and Perspex to find a suitable experimental material which would mimic the surface properties of the retina at a three-phase interface. Using the captive bubble technique to measure the contact angle, it was found that air subtended a larger contact angle (38.8 degrees) with the retina than did silicone oil (18.2 degrees). On coating the Perspex surface with protein (PCP), it was observed that the surface properties were modified such that PCP subtended contact angles with air (43.0 degrees) and silicone oil (16.4 degrees) similar to those subtended by ex vivo human retina. Using PCP as an experimental material that mimics ex vivo human retina, spherical chambers were employed in order to examine qualitatively and to quantify the arc of contact obtained with air and silicone oil. It was found that air gave a greater arc of contact for the same percentage fill than silicone oil.
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                Author and article information

                Journal
                Seminars in Ophthalmology
                Seminars in Ophthalmology
                Informa UK Limited
                0882-0538
                1744-5205
                July 02 2009
                January 2000
                July 02 2009
                January 2000
                : 15
                : 1
                : 25-35
                Article
                10.3109/08820530009037848
                8023fee2-ee4f-4196-b140-7ee2870fb257
                © 2000

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