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      Incurvaria pirinella sp. nov., a new species of the vetulella species-group (Lepidoptera, Incurvariidae) from Bulgaria, with release of DNA barcodes for European species of Incurvaria

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      Nota Lepidopterologica

      Pensoft Publishers

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          Abstract

          Incurvaria pirinella Junnilainen, Kaitila & Mutanen, sp. nov. is described from Bulgaria based on specimens collected by netting and artificial light from several low-elevation localities in Bulgaria. The species is morphologically and genetically most similar to I. triglavensis Hauder, 1912. Differences between these two species are present in external appearance and genitalia of both sexes. Additionally, I. pirinella shows a distance of 4.74% to its nearest neighbour I. triglavensis in the standard DNA barcoding marker (COI-5P). We provide preliminary observations of phylogenetic affinities of European Incurvaria and briefly discuss habitat preferences of some species. All species have distinct barcodes with minimum K2P divergences between species averaging 7.05% (range 1.2–12.8%). A world checklist of Incurvaria Haworth, 1828 is provided and DNA barcodes for all European species are here released. Finally, we document morphological variation in male genitalia within I. triglavensis Hauder, 1912.

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          Most cited references 9

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                Author and article information

                Journal
                Nota Lepidopterologica
                NL
                Pensoft Publishers
                2367-5365
                0342-7536
                June 20 2019
                June 20 2019
                : 42
                : 1
                : 81-100
                Article
                10.3897/nl.42.13026
                © 2019

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