Altered flow conditions are presumed to cause stenosis in vein grafts due to exaggerated neointimal formation. The aim of this study was to establish a mouse model of flow-regulated intimal hyperplasia (IH) in vein grafts. The caval vein was grafted into the common carotid artery of 38 mice, followed by modulation of the blood flow, resulting in vein grafts with high (HF) and low flow (LF). The vessel wall thickening was evaluated after 3, 14 and 42 days by morphometric analyses and immunohistochemistry. There was an immediate significant change in flow, which was persistent throughout the time of observation. After 42 days, flow was increased 2.7 times in HF animals compared to LF animals. The vessel wall was composed of two layers where the inner layer was positive for α-actin and considered as IH. The area of neointimal formation was 74% larger in the LF group compared to the HF group. The present study demonstrates that flow regulates IH in vein grafts in mice. This model gives the potential to study the effect of shear stress on vascular biology in genetically modified animals.