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      Effects of Aortic Stenosis on Renal Renin, Angiotensin Receptor, Endothelin and NOS Gene Expression in Rats

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          Abstract

          Background/Aims: Published data regarding the effects of common cardiovascular diseases, i.e. aortic stenosis on renal regulation of major vasoconstrictive (renin, endothelins) and vasodilatory systems (NO) are controversial. Therefore we aimed to evaluate the effects of chronic aortic stenosis on the renal renin-angiotensin, endothelin and NO systems. Methods: Experimental supravalvular aortic stenosis was induced by using silver clips with a 0.6 mm internal diameter on the ascending aorta of weanling rats. Renal endothelin-1 (ET-1), endothelin-3 (ET-3), renin, AT<sub>1a</sub>, AT<sub>1b</sub>, eNOS, and bNOS gene expression were assessed by RNase protection assay. Results: Renal renin gene expression increased twofold in rats with aortic stenosis. In contrast, renal ET-1, ET-3, eNOS, bNOS, and AT<sub>1a</sub>, AT<sub>1b</sub> gene expression were unchanged in rats with aortic stenosis. Conclusion: Our study demonstrates that in rats with severe experimental supravalvular aortic stenosis only renal renin gene expression is stimulated. This contrasts with severe heart failure where endothelins and NO synthases are also upregulated. Different patterns of regulation of renal vasoactive mediators may be of importance for the extent of the renal impairment associated with aortic stenosis, and may be correlated with the severity of congestive heart failure.

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          Most cited references 7

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          Single-step method of RNA isolation by acid guanidinium thiocyanate-phenol-chloroform extraction.

          A new method of total RNA isolation by a single extraction with an acid guanidinium thiocyanate-phenol-chloroform mixture is described. The method provides a pure preparation of undegraded RNA in high yield and can be completed within 4 h. It is particularly useful for processing large numbers of samples and for isolation of RNA from minute quantities of cells or tissue samples.
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            Influence of congestive heart failure on endothelin levels and receptors in rabbits.

            Congestive heart failure, both in man and in animals is associated with an increased plasma level of endothelin. To investigate further the potential role of the endothelin system, we designed a study to determine the effect of experimental congestive heart failure (CHF) on plasma and tissue immunoreactive-endothelin (irET) and on the density and affinity of endothelin-1 receptors in the heart and kidney. For this purpose, CHF was induced in rabbits by combined aortic valvular insufficiency and stenosis. When CHF was established, plasma and tissue irET levels were measured by radioimmunoassay and density and affinity of endothelin-1 receptors were measured by binding assay on tissue homogenates. Compared to control rabbits, plasma irET was significantly elevated in rabbits with CHF [1.04 +/- 0.15 vs. 0.04 +/- 0.01 fmol/ml, P < 0.001]. Tissue irET concentrations in ventricles and kidney were roughly 4 orders of magnitude higher than plasma concentrations. CHF decreased the tissue irET levels in left ventricle and kidney by 32 and 46%, respectively (P < 0.01), whereas CHF increased it by 58% in the right ventricle (P < 0.005). The density of ET-1 receptors was decreased in the right and left ventricles and in kidneys by 26, 36, and 61%, respectively (P < 0.05). Receptor affinity remained unchanged in response to CHF in both ventricles, whereas it increased in kidney [Kd (pM); 154 +/- 17 vs. 99 +/- 9, P < 0.01]. Thus, this study demonstrates that experimental CHF is not only characterized by elevated plasma irET levels but also by a decrease in tissue irET concentrations in the left ventricle and kidney, and by a down-regulation of ET-1 receptors both in the heart and kidney. Functional consequences of these changes need to be determined.
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              Improvement of renal dysfunction in rats with chronic heart failure after myocardial infarction by treatment with the endothelin A receptor antagonist, LU 135252

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                Author and article information

                Journal
                AJN
                Am J Nephrol
                10.1159/issn.0250-8095
                American Journal of Nephrology
                S. Karger AG
                0250-8095
                1421-9670
                2002
                February 2002
                28 March 2002
                : 22
                : 1
                : 84-89
                Affiliations
                aKlinik und Poliklinik für Innere Medizin II, University of Regensburg, und bInstitut für Klinische Pharmakologie und Toxikologie, Freie Universität Berlin, Deutschland
                Article
                46679 Am J Nephrol 2002;22:84–89
                10.1159/000046679
                11919408
                © 2002 S. Karger AG, Basel

                Copyright: All rights reserved. No part of this publication may be translated into other languages, reproduced or utilized in any form or by any means, electronic or mechanical, including photocopying, recording, microcopying, or by any information storage and retrieval system, without permission in writing from the publisher. Drug Dosage: The authors and the publisher have exerted every effort to ensure that drug selection and dosage set forth in this text are in accord with current recommendations and practice at the time of publication. However, in view of ongoing research, changes in government regulations, and the constant flow of information relating to drug therapy and drug reactions, the reader is urged to check the package insert for each drug for any changes in indications and dosage and for added warnings and precautions. This is particularly important when the recommended agent is a new and/or infrequently employed drug. Disclaimer: The statements, opinions and data contained in this publication are solely those of the individual authors and contributors and not of the publishers and the editor(s). The appearance of advertisements or/and product references in the publication is not a warranty, endorsement, or approval of the products or services advertised or of their effectiveness, quality or safety. The publisher and the editor(s) disclaim responsibility for any injury to persons or property resulting from any ideas, methods, instructions or products referred to in the content or advertisements.

                Page count
                Figures: 1, Tables: 1, References: 38, Pages: 6
                Product
                Self URI (application/pdf): https://www.karger.com/Article/Pdf/46679
                Categories
                Laboratory Investigation

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