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      Effect of Soy Protein Added to Casein Diet on the Development of Glomerular Injury in Spontaneous Hypercholesterolemic Male Imai Rats

      , ,

      American Journal of Nephrology

      S. Karger AG

      Soy protein, Glomerulosclerosis, Male rats

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          Background: We have already reported an attenuating effect of a semipurified alcohol extract of soy protein (mainly consisting of isoflavones) on glomerular injury. Therefore, in the present study, we investigated whether soy protein itself has an ability to attenuate glomerular injury when added to casein diet in male Imai rats of a spontaneous focal segmental glomerulosclerosis model. Method: Male Imai rats were used and allocated into five groups. Group A of control casein diet (Ca) was fed standard diets containing 24.5% casein as a protein source. Group B of control soy protein diet (SP) was fed soy protein diet containing 24.5% protein that substituted a soy protein isolate for casein. Groups C (Ca-SP10) and D (Ca-SP20) were fed a mixture diet of casein (24.5%) and SP (10%) or SP (20%). Group E (Ca-Ca) was fed high casein diet containing the same quantity in protein content (44.5% casein) as the Ca-SP20 diet. Body weight, urinary protein, serum constituents and systolic blood pressure were investigated every 4 weeks from 12 weeks through 24 weeks of age. At 24 weeks of age, rats were studied morphologically. Results: Animals fed control SP diet showed a significantly greater body growth than animals fed the other 4 test diets. No significant differences were found in body growth among the other 4 groups except for group E, which showed a stunt at the end of the experiment. Control SP diet significantly decreased proteinuria and serum cholesterol and attenuated glomerular injury and glomerular hypertrophy as compared with control casein diet. Added SP failed to attenuate glomerular injury, but when compared with high casein diet (group E), added SP resulted in less proteinuria, less hyperlipidemia, less hypoalbuminemia, less glomerular hypertrophy and less renal histological damage despite the quantity being the same in protein content. Conclusion: The present study indicates that soy protein added to conventional casein diet did not have the ability to attenuate glomerular injury, but soy protein is not as harmful as casein as a protein source when added to casein diet in the development of glomerular injury in the rat model of spontaneous focal glomerular sclerosis.

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          Two-Week Dietary Soy Supplementation Has an Estrogenic Effect on Normal Premenopausal Breast

           D Hargreaves (1999)

            Author and article information

            Am J Nephrol
            American Journal of Nephrology
            S. Karger AG
            December 2002
            07 October 2002
            : 22
            : 5-6
            : 548-554
            Department of Internal Medicine, Saga Medical School, Saga, Japan
            65294 Am J Nephrol 2002;22:548–554
            © 2002 S. Karger AG, Basel

            Copyright: All rights reserved. No part of this publication may be translated into other languages, reproduced or utilized in any form or by any means, electronic or mechanical, including photocopying, recording, microcopying, or by any information storage and retrieval system, without permission in writing from the publisher. Drug Dosage: The authors and the publisher have exerted every effort to ensure that drug selection and dosage set forth in this text are in accord with current recommendations and practice at the time of publication. However, in view of ongoing research, changes in government regulations, and the constant flow of information relating to drug therapy and drug reactions, the reader is urged to check the package insert for each drug for any changes in indications and dosage and for added warnings and precautions. This is particularly important when the recommended agent is a new and/or infrequently employed drug. Disclaimer: The statements, opinions and data contained in this publication are solely those of the individual authors and contributors and not of the publishers and the editor(s). The appearance of advertisements or/and product references in the publication is not a warranty, endorsement, or approval of the products or services advertised or of their effectiveness, quality or safety. The publisher and the editor(s) disclaim responsibility for any injury to persons or property resulting from any ideas, methods, instructions or products referred to in the content or advertisements.

            Page count
            Figures: 6, Tables: 3, References: 31, Pages: 7
            Self URI (application/pdf):
            Clinical Study

            Cardiovascular Medicine, Nephrology

            Male rats, Glomerulosclerosis, Soy protein


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