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      Educação em saúde em escolas pública de 1º grau da periferia de Belo Horizonte, MG, Brasil: I - avaliação de um programa relativo à esquistossomose Translated title: Health education in first level schools at the outskirts of Belo Horizonte, Minas Gerais State, Brazil: I. evaluation of a health education program on schistosomiasis

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          Abstract

          O presente trabalho integra um amplo programa de pesquisa acerca da realidade educacional das escolas públicas de 1º grau, visando desenvolver e avaliar alternativas criativas que estimulem a inclusão da educação em saúde sob enfoque transdisciplinar, utilizando recursos lúdicos como arte, literatura, jogos, teatro, etc. Este estudo foi realizado em 4 escolas municipais da periferia de Belo Horizonte com o objetivo de avaliar o impacto de um programa educativo em relação ao conhecimento e prevalência da esquistossomose. Os resultados demonstraram que, após um ano de implantação dos novos materiais e metodologias, o conhecimento sobre a doença aumentou significativamente nas escolas experimentais, não se verificando o mesmo nas de controle. Em relação à prevalência, observou-se uma queda geral de 12,9% para 9,0%, considerando as 4 escolas. Quando analisadas separadamente, a escola experimental de alta prevalência foi a que apresentou melhor resultado, registrando-se um decréscimo significativo de 19,5% para 10,2%.

          Translated abstract

          A project has been developed with the objective of implanting and testing new materials and methodologies related to health education in first level schools. The present study is being performed in 4 public schools of a periferic area of Belo Horizonte, in two regions, one of high and another of low prevalence of schistosomiasis. The experimental design includes 2 experimental schools and 2 of control. The procedure envolves interviews with teachers and students before and after the experimental test of the new materials; stool surveys and treatment of the sample of students. The results of the first interviews demonstrated that the knowledge of schistosomiasis is almost absent among teachers and students, although the prevalence of this disease has been maintained for a long time (70 years) in one of the regions studied (Gorduras). Out of 3131 students of the 4 schools, 67.5% were examined and 235 (11.0%) were tested positively. When the new students of 1989 were not included the prevalence decrease to 9.0% demonstrating a significative difference (X² - 5%) in relation to 1988, showing the consequence of the treatment performed. Comparing the 2 schools of high prevalence, the decrease of prevalence of the experimental one is higher than the control. Therefore, in relation to the schools of low prevalence, the same has not happened. Thus, it is only possible to suggest an iniitial effect of the educative strategy and the decreases of the prevalence in the schools of high prevalence. In relation to the knowledge about the disease transmission, the students from the experimental schools presented a significative increase of correct answers in 1989 than the control ones.

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          A schistosomose mansônica na infância em Belo Horizonte

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            Investigação do conhecimento das helmintoses intestinais em crianças pertencentes a uma escola da periferia de Santa Luzia, MG

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              Simple divice for quantitative stool thick-smear technique in schistosomiasis mansoni

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                Author and article information

                Journal
                rimtsp
                Revista do Instituto de Medicina Tropical de São Paulo
                Rev. Inst. Med. trop. S. Paulo
                Instituto de Medicina Tropical (São Paulo, SP, Brazil )
                1678-9946
                December 1993
                : 35
                : 6
                : 563-572
                Affiliations
                [02] Belo Horizonte MG orgnameFundação Oswaldo Cruz orgdiv1Centro de Pesquisas René Rachou orgdiv2Laboratório de Esquistossomose
                [01] Rio de Janeiro RJ orgnameFIOCRUZ orgdiv1Departamento de Biologia
                Article
                S0036-46651993000600014 S0036-4665(93)03500614
                10.1590/S0036-46651993000600014
                808b1e95-ecf2-400a-86e8-7e80b73a60f0

                This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License.

                History
                : 03 June 1991
                : 13 September 1993
                Page count
                Figures: 0, Tables: 0, Equations: 0, References: 24, Pages: 10
                Product

                SciELO Brazil


                Material pedagógico,Crianças,Educação em Saúde,Esquistossomose

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