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      Circadian Plasma Leptin Levels in Patients with Anorexia nervosa: Relation to Insulin and Cortisol

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          Abstract

          In anorexia nervosa, underweight results from a loss of body mass due to a restricted energy intake. Circulating leptin levels have been shown to be low in the acute stage of the disorder. We studied diurnal secretion characteristics of leptin, insulin and cortisol in a study group of anorectic patients prior to refeeding, a second study group of anorectic patients after initiation of refeeding and study groups of healthy underweight and normal-weight controls. Spontaneous secretion of leptin, insulin and cortisol was measured by drawing blood samples every 2 h for 24 h. The temporal relationships between the diurnal secretion patterns of the three hormones were assessed by cross-correlation analysis in every study group. Plasma levels of leptin and cortisol were secreted with a specific circadian rhythmicity and displayed an intricate temporal relationship in anorectic patients. Semistarvation in the non-refed patients was associated with (1) exceedingly low plasma leptin levels, (2) a qualitative alteration in the circadian rhythm of leptin and cortisol levels and (3) an alteration in the temporal coupling between cortisol and leptin. In contrast, in the patients who had gained weight, leptin levels were higher; furthermore, the diurnal pattern of leptin and the temporal relationship between leptin and cortisol were similar to controls. Increments in insulin secretion preceded those of leptin by 4–6 h in both anorectic patients and in controls. Leptin levels increased 4 h prior to those of cortisol in controls and in refed patients, whereas in the non-refed patients cortisol increased prior to leptin. Thus, anorexia nervosa leads to pronounced, albeit reversible changes in the secretion dynamics of leptin and cortisol.

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          Most cited references 4

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          Design and synthesis of multi-haem proteins.

          A water-soluble, 62-residue, di-alpha-helical peptide has been synthesized which accommodates two bis-histidyl haem groups. The peptide assembles into a four-helix dimer with 2-fold symmetry and four parallel haems that closely resemble native haems in their spectral and electrochemical properties, including haem-haem redox interaction. This protein is an essential intermediate in the synthesis of molecular 'maquettes', a novel class of simplified versions of the metalloproteins involved in redox catalysis and in energy conversion in respiratory and photosynthetic electron transfer.
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            Plasma Leptin Levels in Healthy Children and Adolescents: Dependence on Body Mass Index, Body Fat Mass, Gender, Pubertal Stage, and Testosterone

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                Author and article information

                Journal
                HRE
                Horm Res Paediatr
                10.1159/issn.1663-2818
                Hormone Research in Paediatrics
                S. Karger AG
                1663-2818
                1663-2826
                1998
                October 1998
                04 December 1998
                : 50
                : 4
                : 197-204
                Affiliations
                a Clinic of Psychotherapy and Psychosomatics, University of Essen, b Department of Endocrinology, Medical Clinic, University of Essen, c Children’s Hospital, University of Bonn, d Children’s Hospital, University of Giessen, e Lilly Germany, Bad Homburg, f Department of Psychosomatics and Psychotherapy, Benjamin Franklin University Berlin, g Clinical Research Group, Department of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry, University of Marburg, Germany
                Article
                23274 Horm Res 1998;50:197–204
                10.1159/000023274
                9838240
                © 1998 S. Karger AG, Basel

                Copyright: All rights reserved. No part of this publication may be translated into other languages, reproduced or utilized in any form or by any means, electronic or mechanical, including photocopying, recording, microcopying, or by any information storage and retrieval system, without permission in writing from the publisher. Drug Dosage: The authors and the publisher have exerted every effort to ensure that drug selection and dosage set forth in this text are in accord with current recommendations and practice at the time of publication. However, in view of ongoing research, changes in government regulations, and the constant flow of information relating to drug therapy and drug reactions, the reader is urged to check the package insert for each drug for any changes in indications and dosage and for added warnings and precautions. This is particularly important when the recommended agent is a new and/or infrequently employed drug. Disclaimer: The statements, opinions and data contained in this publication are solely those of the individual authors and contributors and not of the publishers and the editor(s). The appearance of advertisements or/and product references in the publication is not a warranty, endorsement, or approval of the products or services advertised or of their effectiveness, quality or safety. The publisher and the editor(s) disclaim responsibility for any injury to persons or property resulting from any ideas, methods, instructions or products referred to in the content or advertisements.

                Page count
                Figures: 2, References: 36, Pages: 8
                Categories
                Original Paper

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