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Chemical control and responses of susceptible and resistant soybean cultivars to the progress of soybean rust Translated title: Controle químico e respostas de cultivares suscetíveis e resistentes de soja ao progresso da ferrugem asiática

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      Abstract

      This work compared development of soybean rust (SR) on the susceptible cultivar BRS 133 and on the resistant line CB06-953/963 (Rpp4 gene) following different fungicide treatments applied in different developmental stages. The assessed variables were percent plant defoliation, coefficient of damage (CD) and economic threshold level (ETL), the latter two calculated from disease severity ratings and yield. Experiments were conducted in the field during the 2006-2007 growing season with one sowing date (Experiment I) and in 2007-2008 with two sowing dates (Experiments II and III). The experimental design was a randomized complete block with ten treatments and four replications. Overall, the Rpp4 gene in the resistant line was effective in reducing development of SR in all three experiments. The values of CD and ETL were higher for the resistant line than for the susceptible cultivar. The resistant line needed 13.3 days longer than the susceptible cultivar to reach the ETL in Experiment II. Fungicide applications were more effective in protecting yield and minimizing defoliation in the susceptible cultivar than in the resistant line. Under high inoculum pressure (Experiment III), three and four fungicide sprays applied during the season resulted in significantly higher yields (P<0.05) in both soybean genotypes compared with the untreated controls. Late season fungicide applications reduced rust severity and increased the yield of the resistant cultivar.

      Translated abstract

      Este trabalho comparou o progresso da ferrugem asiática da soja na cultivar suscetível BRS 133 e na linhagem resistente CB06-953/963, com o gene de resistência Rpp4, sob tratamentos fungicidas em diferentes estádios de desenvolvimento. Foram medidas as variáveis porcentagem de desfolha, coeficiente de dano (CD) e limiar de dano econômico (ETL), as duas últimas calculadas a partir da severidade da doença e produtividade de grãos. Os ensaios foram realizados em condições de campo nos anos 2006-2007 em uma época de semeadura (Experimento I) e em 2007-2008 em duas épocas de semeadura (Experimentos II e III). O delineamento experimental utilizado foi blocos ao acaso, com dez tratamentos e quatro repetições. Houve redução do progresso da doença em CB06-953/963 nos três experimentos realizados. Os valores de CD e ETL foram superiores na linhagem resistente em comparação à suscetível. No experimento II, o ETL para CB06-953/963 foi atingido 13,3 dias após o registrado para BRS 133. As aplicações fungicidas apresentaram maiores benefícios na produtividade e redução da desfolha na cultivar suscetível. Sob condições de alta pressão de inóculo (Experimento III), três e quatro aplicações de fungicidas resultaram em ganho na produtividade (P<0.05) nos dois genótipos de soja quando comparados aos controles sem aplicação de fungicidas. As aplicações de fungicidas, mesmo quando realizadas mais tardiamente nas cultivares resistentes, auxiliaram no controle da SR e na manutenção da alta produtividade.

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        Current Status of the Gene-For-Gene Concept

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            Author and article information

            Affiliations
            [1 ] Universidade Estadual de Londrina Brazil
            [2 ] Tropical Melhoramento & Genética LTDA Brazil
            Contributors
            Role: ND
            Role: ND
            Role: ND
            Role: ND
            Role: ND
            Role: ND
            Role: ND
            Journal
            tpp
            Tropical Plant Pathology
            Trop. plant pathol.
            Sociedade Brasileira de Fitopatologia (Brasília )
            1983-2052
            October 2011
            : 36
            : 5
            : 294-302
            S1982-56762011000500004 10.1590/S1982-56762011000500004

            http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/

            Product
            Product Information: SciELO Brazil
            Categories
            PLANT SCIENCES

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