Aldosterone's functions and mechanisms of action are different depending on the tissue and the environmental condition. The mineralocorticoid receptor is present in tissues beyond epithelial cells, including the heart and vessels. Furthermore, aldosterone has direct adverse effects by both genomic and rapid/nongenomic actions not only through a nuclear receptor but also through caveolae-mediated intracellular events. Also, multiple environmental-genetic interactions play an important role in salt-sensitive hypertension (SSH) and aldosterone modulation. These findings have reshaped our vision of aldosterone's role in cardiovascular pathophysiology. This review describes new mediators of aldosterone's mechanisms of action: lysine-specific demethylase 1 (LSD1), caveolin 1 (cav-1) and striatin.