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      Methylene Blue Restores Vasodilation to Bradykinin after Inhibition of Nitric Oxide Production in the Isolated Dog Lung

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          Abstract

          Methylene blue (MB) is a widely used putative inhibitor of nitric oxide (NO)-dependent responses, particularly in cell culture and vascular ring studies. MB is postulated to diminish vasodilation to NO either by preventing activation of guanylate cyclase by NO or by oxidizing NO formed by NO synthase. In the present study we examined whether MB inhibited vasodilation to bradykinin (BK) in the cyclooxygenase-inhibited, isolated canine lung lobe perfused with blood at constant flow. One group of lobes (n = 5) was challenged with BK at baseline vascular tone, after tone was doubled by infusion of serotonin (5-HT), and again after MB treatment. Bradykinin challenge failed to evoke a depressor response at baseline vascular tone but induced marked vasodilation after vascular tone was increased by 5-HT. Subsequent treatment with MB, however, failed to significantly diminish vasodilation to BK (p > 0.05). A second group of lobes (n = 4) was challenged with BK after cyclooxygenase inhibition and the doubling of vascular tone with serotonin infusion. The dose-dependent vasodilation to BK was diminished (p < 0.01) after treatment with 1.8 m M N<sup>ω</sup>-nitro- L-arginine (L-NA), a potent inhibitor of nitric oxide synthase. However, subsequent treatment with MB restored the vasodilator response to bradykinin to pre-L-NA values (p < 0.01). While our results suggest that vasodilation to bradykinin is mediated in part by NO formation, MB treatment does not appear to alter BK-induced vasodilation, and even enhanced vasodilation to bradykinin after L-NA. MB appears to have some nonspecific effects on vascular tone and reactivity that are unrelated to NO formation.

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          Author and article information

          Journal
          JVR
          J Vasc Res
          10.1159/issn.1018-1172
          Journal of Vascular Research
          S. Karger AG
          1018-1172
          1423-0135
          1996
          1996
          24 September 2008
          : 33
          : 4
          : 340-345
          Affiliations
          aDepartment of Surgery, University of Pennsylvania, Philadelphia, Pa., bDepartment of Physiology and Endocrinology, Medical College of Georgia, Augusta, Ga., USA
          Article
          159161 J Vasc Res 1996;33:340–345
          10.1159/000159161
          8695758
          © 1996 S. Karger AG, Basel

          Copyright: All rights reserved. No part of this publication may be translated into other languages, reproduced or utilized in any form or by any means, electronic or mechanical, including photocopying, recording, microcopying, or by any information storage and retrieval system, without permission in writing from the publisher. Drug Dosage: The authors and the publisher have exerted every effort to ensure that drug selection and dosage set forth in this text are in accord with current recommendations and practice at the time of publication. However, in view of ongoing research, changes in government regulations, and the constant flow of information relating to drug therapy and drug reactions, the reader is urged to check the package insert for each drug for any changes in indications and dosage and for added warnings and precautions. This is particularly important when the recommended agent is a new and/or infrequently employed drug. Disclaimer: The statements, opinions and data contained in this publication are solely those of the individual authors and contributors and not of the publishers and the editor(s). The appearance of advertisements or/and product references in the publication is not a warranty, endorsement, or approval of the products or services advertised or of their effectiveness, quality or safety. The publisher and the editor(s) disclaim responsibility for any injury to persons or property resulting from any ideas, methods, instructions or products referred to in the content or advertisements.

          Page count
          Pages: 6
          Categories
          Research Paper

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