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      Ocular surface squamous neoplasia

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      Survey of Ophthalmology

      Elsevier BV

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          Concept and application of limbal stem cells.

          Cumulative reported evidence indicates that some fraction of limbal basal epithelial cells are the stem cells for corneal epithelial cell proliferation and differentiation. Limbal epithelium is therefore crucial in maintaining the cell mass of corneal epithelium under normal conditions and plays an important role in corneal epithelial wound healing. Deficiency or absence of limbal stem cells explains well the pathogenesis of several ocular surface disorders characterised by defective conjunctival transdifferentiation or conjunctivalisation of cornea. This paper reviews and updates the basic concept of stem cells, the reported findings of limbal stem cells for corneal epithelium, and their therapeutic applications. Through this review, one hopes to gain a more complete understanding and increase proficiency in treating these diseases.
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            Staging of conjunctival squamous metaplasia by impression cytology.

            We modified the conventional impression cytology technique for conjunctival study by designing a 24-well Teflon sample holder, using cellulose acetate paper cut in an asymmetrical shape, and introducing Gill's modified Papanicolaou stain. Using this modified technique, we studied 35 normal subjects and 67 patients with various ocular surface disorders, 42 of whom were later found to have squamous metaplasia. Six different cytological stages were defined based on changes of goblet cell density, nucleus, and cytoplasm, encompassing three major steps: (1) loss of goblet cells, (2) increase of cellular stratification or enlargement of superficial cells, and (3) keratinization. This staging system allowed us to correlate pathological changes with clinical findings, and to investigate the action mechanism of squamous metaplasia of conjunctival epithelium. This modified impression cytology technique may help increase understanding of various ocular surface disorders.
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              Conjunctival and corneal intraepithelial and invasive neoplasia.

              The histopathologic findings and clinical records of 98 patients with conjunctival and corneal intraepithelial neoplasia (CIN) and 22 patients with invasive neoplasia were studied. Pathologic material was evaluated for cell type, degree of dysplasia, margins of excision, and change in pattern with recurrence. Clinical records were reviewed for demographic features, presenting symptoms, clinical appearance, therapy, and subsequent course. Recurrences occurred in 23 patients with CIN and 9 patients with invasive neoplasia. Intraocular or orbital extensions or both occurred in four patients and metastatic disease in two patients. The cell type, clinical appearance, and degree of dysplasia did not correlate with recurrence; involvement of the margins of the initial excision was an important prognostic sign for recurrence.
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                Author and article information

                Journal
                Survey of Ophthalmology
                Survey of Ophthalmology
                Elsevier BV
                00396257
                May 1995
                May 1995
                : 39
                : 6
                : 429-450
                Article
                10.1016/S0039-6257(05)80054-2
                © 1995

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