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      Relationship between Family Adaptability, Cohesion and Adolescent Problem Behaviors: Curvilinearity of Circumplex Model

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          Abstract

          Background

          The Family Adaptability and Cohesion Evaluation Scale (FACES) III using the circumplex model has been widely used in investigating family function. However, the criticism of the curvilinear hypothesis of the circumplex model has always been from an empirical point of view. This study examined the relationship between adolescent adaptability, cohesion, and adolescent problem behaviors, and especially testing the consistency of the curvilinear hypotheses with FACES III.

          Methods

          We used the data from 398 adolescent participants who were in middle school. A self-reported questionnaire was used to evaluate the FACES III and Youth Self Report.

          Results

          According to the level of family adaptability, significant differences were evident in internalizing problems (P = 0.014). But, in externalizing problems, the results were not significant (P = 0.305). Also, according to the level of family cohesion, significant differences were in internalizing problems (P = 0.002) and externalizing problems (P = 0.004).

          Conclusion

          The relationship between the dimensions of adaptability, cohesion and adolescent problem behaviors was not curvilinear. In other words, adolescents with high adaptability and high cohesion showed low problem behaviors.

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          Most cited references36

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          Circumplex Model of Marital and Family Sytems

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            Circumplex Model VII: validation studies and FACES III.

            D. Olson (1986)
            This paper reviews some of the recent empirical studies validating the Circumplex Model and describes the newly developed self-report measure, FACES III. Studies testing hypotheses derived from the Circumplex Model regarding the three dimensions of cohesion, change, and communication are reviewed. Case illustrations using FACES III and the Clinical Rating Scale are presented. These two assessment tools can be used for making a diagnosis of family functioning and for assessing changes over the course of treatment. This paper reflects the continuing attempt to develop further the Circumplex Model and to bridge more adequately research, theory, and practice.
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              Circumplex model of marital and family systems: VI. Theoretical update.

              This paper updates the theoretical work on the Circumplex Model and provides revised and new hypotheses. Similarities and contrasts to the Beavers Systems Model are made along with comments regarding Beavers and Voeller's critique. FACES II, a newly revised assessment tool, provides both "perceived" and "ideal" family assessment that is useful empirically and clinically.
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                Author and article information

                Journal
                Korean J Fam Med
                Korean J Fam Med
                KJFM
                Korean Journal of Family Medicine
                The Korean Academy of Family Medicine
                2005-6443
                2092-6715
                May 2013
                24 May 2013
                : 34
                : 3
                : 169-177
                Affiliations
                Department of Family Medicine, Chonnam National University Hwasun Hospital, Chonnam National University Medical School, Hwasun, Korea.
                Author notes
                Corresponding Author: Yeon Pyo Kim. Tel: +82-61-379-7290, Fax: +82-61-379-8096, ypkim@ 123456jnu.ac.kr
                Article
                10.4082/kjfm.2013.34.3.169
                3667224
                23730484
                8115839e-bbd5-4ffe-b80d-f5efeede0a3e
                Copyright © 2013 The Korean Academy of Family Medicine

                This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution Non-Commercial License ( http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/3.0/) which permits unrestricted noncommercial use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

                History
                : 13 July 2012
                : 02 May 2013
                Categories
                Original Article

                Medicine
                adaptation, psychological,adolescent behavior,family relations,korea,questionnaires
                Medicine
                adaptation, psychological, adolescent behavior, family relations, korea, questionnaires

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