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      Temporary Trends in Fever following Transcatheter Aortic Valve Implantation

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          Abstract

          Objectives: Fever following transcatheter aortic valve implantation (TAVI) is a common phenomenon, attributed mostly to inflammatory response which may impact outcome. Systemic inflammatory response may be triggered by multiple factors, most associated with the TAVI procedure itself. However, there are no data regarding the incidence of fever following TAVI in contemporary era with newer generation devices. Our primary objective was to measure temporal trends in fever incidence and features following TAVI. Methods: We analyzed a retrospective cohort of 802 consecutive patients who underwent TAVI at our institution between November 2008 and February 2018. We identified and characterized all patients who developed fever (>38.0°C from any cause) within the first 72 h following the procedure and analyzed incidence and characteristics stratified into 3 time frames: 2008–2014, 2014–2016, and 2016–2018. Results: Following TAVI, 190 (23.7%) patients developed fever (mean age 82.3 ± 5.2 years, 64.2% female). An infectious etiology was evident in only 32.1% of cases. The frequency decreased gradually and significantly across timeframes (32.8, 23.6, and 14.5%, respectively, p < 0.001) . In a multivariate regression analysis, 1st generation CoreValve (HR 1.91; CI 95% 1.2–3.04, p = 0.006) was found to be associated with higher incidence of fever in addition to female gender, vascular complications, transfemoral access, and reduced GFR. Conclusions: Fever incidence post TAVI decreased significantly throughout the last decade. The higher rate of fever in the early years of TAVI was likely associated with first-generation devices, vascular complications, and reduced GFR.

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          Most cited references 16

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          The Natural History of the Systemic Inflammatory Response Syndrome (SIRS)

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            Is Open Access

            Acute kidney injury following transcatheter aortic valve implantation: predictive factors, prognostic value, and comparison with surgical aortic valve replacement

            Aims Very few data exist on the occurrence of acute kidney injury (AKI) associated with transcatheter aortic valve implantation (TAVI). The objectives of the present study were (i) to determine the incidence, predictive factors, and prognostic value of AKI following TAVI, and (ii) to compare the occurrence of AKI in TAVI vs. surgical aortic valve replacement (SAVR) in patients with pre-procedural chronic kidney disease (CKD). Methods and results A total of 213 patients (mean age 82 ± 8 years) undergoing TAVI for the treatment of severe aortic stenosis were included in the study. Acute kidney injury was defined as a reduction of >25% in estimated glomerular filtration rate (eGFR) within 48 h following the procedure or the need for haemodialysis during index hospitalization. Those patients with pre-procedural CKD (eGFR <60 mL/min/1.73 m2, n = 119) were compared with 104 contemporary patients with CKD who underwent isolated SAVR. The incidence of AKI following TAVI was 11.7%, with 1.4% of the patients requiring haemodialysis. Predictive factors of AKI were hypertension (OR: 4.66; 95% CI: 1.04–20.87), chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (OR: 2.64, 95% CI: 1.10–6.36), and peri-operative blood transfusion (OR: 3.47, 95% CI: 1.30–9.29). Twenty-one patients (9.8%) died during index hospitalization, and the logistic EuroSCORE (OR: 1.03 for each increase of 1%; 95% CI: 1.01–1.06) and occurrence of AKI (OR: 4.14, 95% CI: 1.42–12.13) were identified as independent predictors of postoperative mortality. Patients with CKD who underwent TAVI were older, had a higher logistic EuroSCORE and lower pre-procedural eGFR values compared with those who underwent SAVR (P < 0.0001 for all). The incidence of AKI was lower (P = 0.001; P = 0.014 after propensity score adjustment) in CKD patients who underwent TAVI (9.2%, need for haemodialysis: 2.5%) compared with those who underwent SAVR (25.9%, need for haemodialysis: 8.7%). Conclusion Acute kidney injury occurred in 11.7% of the patients following TAVI and was associated with a greater than four-fold increase in the risk of postoperative mortality. Hypertension, chronic obstructive pulmonary disease, and blood transfusion were predictive factors of AKI. In those patients with pre-procedural CKD, TAVI was associated with a significant reduction of AKI compared with SAVR.
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              Definitions for Sepsis and Organ Failure and Guidelines for the Use of Innovative Therapies in Sepsis

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                Author and article information

                Journal
                CRD
                Cardiology
                10.1159/issn.0008-6312
                Cardiology
                S. Karger AG
                0008-6312
                1421-9751
                2021
                May 2021
                10 March 2021
                : 146
                : 3
                : 359-367
                Affiliations
                aCardiology Department, Rabin Medical Center, Petach Tikva, Israel
                bThe Sackler Faculty of medicine, Tel Aviv University, Tel Aviv, Israel
                cInfectious Diseases Unit, Rabin Medical Center, Petach Tikva, Israel
                Author notes
                *Katia Orvin, Cardiology Department, Rabin Medical Center, 39 Jabotinsky St., Petach Tikva 49100 (Israel), katiaorvin@gmail.com
                Article
                511621 Cardiology 2021;146:359–367
                10.1159/000511621
                33691314
                © 2021 S. Karger AG, Basel

                Copyright: All rights reserved. No part of this publication may be translated into other languages, reproduced or utilized in any form or by any means, electronic or mechanical, including photocopying, recording, microcopying, or by any information storage and retrieval system, without permission in writing from the publisher. Drug Dosage: The authors and the publisher have exerted every effort to ensure that drug selection and dosage set forth in this text are in accord with current recommendations and practice at the time of publication. However, in view of ongoing research, changes in government regulations, and the constant flow of information relating to drug therapy and drug reactions, the reader is urged to check the package insert for each drug for any changes in indications and dosage and for added warnings and precautions. This is particularly important when the recommended agent is a new and/or infrequently employed drug. Disclaimer: The statements, opinions and data contained in this publication are solely those of the individual authors and contributors and not of the publishers and the editor(s). The appearance of advertisements or/and product references in the publication is not a warranty, endorsement, or approval of the products or services advertised or of their effectiveness, quality or safety. The publisher and the editor(s) disclaim responsibility for any injury to persons or property resulting from any ideas, methods, instructions or products referred to in the content or advertisements.

                Page count
                Figures: 3, Tables: 4, Pages: 9
                Categories
                Valvular Heart Disease: Research Article

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