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      Insect-Resistant Genetically Engineered Crops in China: Development, Application, and Prospects for Use

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      Annual Review of Entomology

      Annual Reviews

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          Abstract

          With 20% of the world's population but just 7% of the arable land, China has invested heavily in crop biotechnology to increase agricultural productivity. We examine research on insect-resistant genetically engineered (IRGE) crops in China, including strategies to promote their sustainable use. IRGE cotton, rice, and corn lines have been developed and proven efficacious for controlling lepidopteran crop pests. Ecological impact studies have demonstrated conservation of natural enemies of crop pests and halo suppression of crop-pest populations on a local scale. Economic, social, and human health effects are largely positive and, in the case of Bt cotton, have proven sustainable over 20 years of commercial production. Wider adoption of IRGE crops in China is constrained by relatively limited innovation capacity, public misperception, and regulatory inaction, suggesting the need for further financial investment in innovation and greater scientific engagement with the public. The Chinese experience with Bt cotton might inform adoption of other Bt crops in China and other developing countries.

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          Global status of commercialized biotech/GM crops in 2017: biotech crop adoption surges as economic benefits accumulate in 22 years

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            The Impact of Genetically Engineered Crops on Farm Sustainability in the United States

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              Regulatory barriers to the development of innovative agricultural biotechnology by small businesses and universities

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                Author and article information

                Journal
                Annual Review of Entomology
                Annu. Rev. Entomol.
                Annual Reviews
                0066-4170
                1545-4487
                January 07 2020
                January 07 2020
                : 65
                : 1
                : 273-292
                Affiliations
                [1 ]State Key Laboratory for Biology of Plant Diseases and Insect Pests, Institute for Plant Protection, Chinese Academy of Agricultural Sciences, Beijing 100193, China;
                [2 ]Department of Fish and Wildlife Conservation, Virginia Polytechnic Institute and State University, Blacksburg, Virginia 24061, USA
                Article
                10.1146/annurev-ento-011019-025039
                8174664a-a733-4a41-9bd6-548f43623cf9
                © 2020

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