Blog
About

4
views
0
recommends
+1 Recommend
0 collections
    0
    shares
      • Record: found
      • Abstract: found
      • Article: found
      Is Open Access

      Improving palliative and end-of-life care with machine learning and routine data: a rapid review

      Read this article at

      ScienceOpenPublisher
      Bookmark
          There is no author summary for this article yet. Authors can add summaries to their articles on ScienceOpen to make them more accessible to a non-specialist audience.

          Abstract

          Introduction: Improving end-of-life (EOL) care is a priority worldwide as this population experiences poor outcomes and accounts disproportionately for costs. In clinical practice, physician judgement is the core method of identifying EOL care needs but has important limitations. Machine learning (ML) is a subset of artificial intelligence advancing capacity to identify patterns and make predictions using large datasets.  ML approaches have the potential to improve clinical decision-making and policy design, but there has been no systematic assembly of current evidence.

          Methods: We conducted a rapid review, searching systematically seven databases from inception to December 31st, 2018: EMBASE, MEDLINE, Cochrane Library, PsycINFO, WOS, SCOPUS and ECONLIT.  We included peer-reviewed studies that used ML approaches on routine data to improve palliative and EOL care for adults.  Our specified outcomes were survival, quality of life (QoL), place of death, costs, and receipt of high-intensity treatment near end of life.  We did not search grey literature and excluded material that was not a peer-reviewed article.

          Results: The database search identified 426 citations. We discarded 162 duplicates and screened 264 unique title/abstracts, of which 22 were forwarded for full text review.  Three papers were included, 18 papers were excluded and one full text was sought but unobtainable.  One paper predicted six-month mortality, one paper predicted 12-month mortality and one paper cross-referenced predicted 12-month mortality with healthcare spending.  ML-informed models outperformed logistic regression in predicting mortality but poor prognosis is a weak driver of costs.  Models using only routine administrative data had limited benefit from ML methods.

          Conclusion: While ML can in principle help to identify those at risk of adverse outcomes and inappropriate treatment near EOL, applications to policy and practice are formative.  Future research must not only expand scope to other outcomes and longer timeframes, but also engage with individual preferences and ethical challenges.

          Related collections

          Most cited references 32

          • Record: found
          • Abstract: found
          • Article: found
          Is Open Access

          Big data analytics in healthcare: promise and potential

          Objective To describe the promise and potential of big data analytics in healthcare. Methods The paper describes the nascent field of big data analytics in healthcare, discusses the benefits, outlines an architectural framework and methodology, describes examples reported in the literature, briefly discusses the challenges, and offers conclusions. Results The paper provides a broad overview of big data analytics for healthcare researchers and practitioners. Conclusions Big data analytics in healthcare is evolving into a promising field for providing insight from very large data sets and improving outcomes while reducing costs. Its potential is great; however there remain challenges to overcome.
            Bookmark
            • Record: found
            • Abstract: not found
            • Article: not found

            Deep Machine Learning - A New Frontier in Artificial Intelligence Research [Research Frontier]

              Bookmark
              • Record: found
              • Abstract: not found
              • Article: not found

              Identifying Potential Indicators of the Quality of End-of-Life Cancer Care From Administrative Data

                Bookmark

                Author and article information

                Journal
                HRB Open Research
                HRB Open Res
                F1000 Research Ltd
                2515-4826
                2019
                July 15 2019
                : 2
                : 13
                Article
                10.12688/hrbopenres.12923.1
                © 2019

                Comments

                Comment on this article