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      Blockchain Based Decentralized Management of Demand Response Programs in Smart Energy Grids

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          Abstract

          In this paper, we investigate the use of decentralized blockchain mechanisms for delivering transparent, secure, reliable, and timely energy flexibility, under the form of adaptation of energy demand profiles of Distributed Energy Prosumers, to all the stakeholders involved in the flexibility markets (Distribution System Operators primarily, retailers, aggregators, etc.). In our approach, a blockchain based distributed ledger stores in a tamper proof manner the energy prosumption information collected from Internet of Things smart metering devices, while self-enforcing smart contracts programmatically define the expected energy flexibility at the level of each prosumer, the associated rewards or penalties, and the rules for balancing the energy demand with the energy production at grid level. Consensus based validation will be used for demand response programs validation and to activate the appropriate financial settlement for the flexibility providers. The approach was validated using a prototype implemented in an Ethereum platform using energy consumption and production traces of several buildings from literature data sets. The results show that our blockchain based distributed demand side management can be used for matching energy demand and production at smart grid level, the demand response signal being followed with high accuracy, while the amount of energy flexibility needed for convergence is reduced.

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          Most cited references 54

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          Advanced Control Architectures for Intelligent Microgrids—Part I: Decentralized and Hierarchical Control

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            Blockchains and Smart Contracts for the Internet of Things

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              Security and Privacy in Decentralized Energy Trading through Multi-signatures, Blockchain and Anonymous Messaging Streams

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                Author and article information

                Journal
                Sensors (Basel)
                Sensors (Basel)
                sensors
                Sensors (Basel, Switzerland)
                MDPI
                1424-8220
                09 January 2018
                January 2018
                : 18
                : 1
                Affiliations
                [1 ]Computer Science Department, Technical University of Cluj-Napoca, Memorandumului 28, Cluj-Napoca 400114, Romania; claudia.pop@ 123456cs.utcluj.ro (C.P.); tudor.cioara@ 123456cs.utcluj.ro (T.C.); marcel.antal@ 123456cs.utcluj.ro (M.A.); ioan.salomie@ 123456cs.utcluj.ro (I.S.)
                [2 ]R&D Department, Engineering Ingegneria Informatica S.p.A., Via San Martino della Battaglia 56, Rome 00185, Italy; massimo.bertoncini@ 123456eng.it
                Author notes
                [* ]Correspondence: ionut.anghel@ 123456cs.utcluj.ro ; Tel.: +40-264-202-352
                Article
                sensors-18-00162
                10.3390/s18010162
                5796446
                29315250
                © 2018 by the authors.

                Licensee MDPI, Basel, Switzerland. This article is an open access article distributed under the terms and conditions of the Creative Commons Attribution (CC BY) license ( http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/).

                Categories
                Communication

                Biomedical engineering

                blockchain technology, smart contracts, demand response, smart energy grid

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