2
views
0
recommends
+1 Recommend
1 collections
    0
    shares
      • Record: found
      • Abstract: found
      • Article: found

      Dopaminergic Agonists Normalize Elevated Hypothalamic Neuropeptide Y and Corticotropin-Releasing Hormone, Body Weight Gain, and Hyperglycemia in ob/ob Mice

      Read this article at

      ScienceOpenPublisherPubMed
      Bookmark
          There is no author summary for this article yet. Authors can add summaries to their articles on ScienceOpen to make them more accessible to a non-specialist audience.

          Abstract

          Hypothalamic neuropeptide Y (NPY) and corticotropin-releasing hormone (CRH) influence feeding and levels of plasma glucose, insulin, free fatty acids, and triglycerides. Treatment of genetically obese, ob/ob mice, with dopamine receptor D<sub>1</sub>/D<sub>2</sub> agonists normalizes hyperphagia, body weight gain, hyperglycemia, and hyperlipidemia. We therefore examined whether levels of NPY and CRH immunoreactivity in discrete hypothalamic nuclei are altered in ob/ob mice, and whether dopaminergic treatment reverses this alteration. Female ob/ob mice were treated daily at 1 h after light onset with the D<sub>1</sub>/D<sub>2</sub> agonists, SKF-38393 (20 mg/kg) and bromocriptine (15 mg/kg), respectively or vehicle for 2 weeks. Such treatment, while normalizing body weight gain and hyperglycemia, also significantly reduced elevated NPY immunoreactivity in the suprachiasmatic (by 39%), intergeniculate (by 43%), paraventricular (PVN; by 31%), and arcuate (by 41%) nuclei in obese mice to levels observed in lean mice. This treatment also caused a 45–50% decline in levels of CRH in the PVN and dorsomedial hypothalamus compared to obese controls to levels observed in lean mice. Taken together, these findings suggest that dopaminergic D<sub>1</sub>/D<sub>2</sub> receptor coactivation may improve hyperphagia, hyperglycemia, and obesity in the ob/ob mouse, in part, by normalizing elevated levels of both NPY and CRH.

          Related collections

          Most cited references 27

          • Record: found
          • Abstract: found
          • Article: not found

          The role of neuropeptide Y in the antiobesity action of the obese gene product.

          Recently Zhang et al. cloned a gene that is expressed only in adipose tissue of the mouse. The obese phenotype of the ob/ob mouse is linked to a mutation in the obese gene that results in expression of a truncated inactive protein. Human and rat homologues for this gene are known. Previous experiments predict such a hormone to have a hypothalamic target. Hypothalamic neuropeptide Y stimulates food intake, decreases thermogenesis, and increases plasma insulin and corticosterone levels making it a potential target. Here we express the obese protein in Escherichia coli and find that it suppresses food intake and decreases body weight dramatically when administered to normal and ob/ob mice but not db/db (diabetic) mice, which are thought to lack the appropriate receptor. High-affinity binding was detected in the rat hypothalamus. One mechanism by which this protein regulated food intake and metabolism was inhibition of neuropeptide-Y synthesis and release.
            Bookmark
            • Record: found
            • Abstract: not found
            • Article: not found

            Hypertension and associated metabolic abnormalities--the role of insulin resistance and the sympathoadrenal system.

              Bookmark
              • Record: found
              • Abstract: found
              • Article: not found

              Attenuation of the obesity syndrome of ob/ob mice by the loss of neuropeptide Y.

              The obesity syndrome of ob/ob mice results from lack of leptin, a hormone released by fat cells that acts in the brain to suppress feeding and stimulate metabolism. Neuropeptide Y (NPY) is a neuromodulator implicated in the control of energy balance and is overproduced in the hypothalamus of ob/ob mice. To determine the role of NPY in the response to leptin deficiency, ob/ob mice deficient for NPY were generated. In the absence of NPY, ob/ob mice are less obese because of reduced food intake and increased energy expenditure, and are less severely affected by diabetes, sterility, and somatotropic defects. These results suggest that NPY is a central effector of leptin deficiency.
                Bookmark

                Author and article information

                Journal
                NEN
                Neuroendocrinology
                10.1159/issn.0028-3835
                Neuroendocrinology
                S. Karger AG
                0028-3835
                1423-0194
                2000
                January 2000
                14 January 2000
                : 71
                : 1
                : 68-78
                Affiliations
                Ergo Science Corporation, N. Andover, Mass., USA
                Article
                54522 Neuroendocrinology 2000;71:68–78
                10.1159/000054522
                10644901
                © 2000 S. Karger AG, Basel

                Copyright: All rights reserved. No part of this publication may be translated into other languages, reproduced or utilized in any form or by any means, electronic or mechanical, including photocopying, recording, microcopying, or by any information storage and retrieval system, without permission in writing from the publisher. Drug Dosage: The authors and the publisher have exerted every effort to ensure that drug selection and dosage set forth in this text are in accord with current recommendations and practice at the time of publication. However, in view of ongoing research, changes in government regulations, and the constant flow of information relating to drug therapy and drug reactions, the reader is urged to check the package insert for each drug for any changes in indications and dosage and for added warnings and precautions. This is particularly important when the recommended agent is a new and/or infrequently employed drug. Disclaimer: The statements, opinions and data contained in this publication are solely those of the individual authors and contributors and not of the publishers and the editor(s). The appearance of advertisements or/and product references in the publication is not a warranty, endorsement, or approval of the products or services advertised or of their effectiveness, quality or safety. The publisher and the editor(s) disclaim responsibility for any injury to persons or property resulting from any ideas, methods, instructions or products referred to in the content or advertisements.

                Page count
                Figures: 4, Tables: 3, References: 82, Pages: 11
                Categories
                Hypothalamic Neurotransmitter Interactions

                Comments

                Comment on this article