Objective To explore the association of the frequency of domestic violence witness in childhood with the quality of life (QOL) of college students, and to provide a reference for improving the quality of life of students who domestic violence witness in childhood.
Methods In October 2018, a total of 4 034 college students from four universities in Hefei, Anhui Province, were selected to participate in this study. The Conflict Tactics Scales Short Form (CTS2SF) and the World Health Organization Quality of Life-Brief (WHOQOL-BREF) were used to assess the effect of witnessing domestic violence in childhood on the QOL of college students. Multiple linear regression was used to analyze the relationship between the different frequencies of witnessing domestic violence in childhood and the QOL of college students.
Results The mean scores of the subjective assessment of QOL, health subjective assessment, physiology, psychology, social relationships, and environment were (14.06±3.25) (13.42±3.47) (12.61±2.02) (14.09±2.62) (13.72±2.71) (13.77±2.46), respectively. The multiple linear regression model showed that, witnessing domestic violence in childhood was negatively correlated with the QOL of college students ( P< 0.01). Although occasional expose to severe family violence in childhood was not associated with the health subjective assessment and the environmental dimensions, the different frequencies of witnessing domestic violence in childhood were negatively correlated with the QOL of college students ( P<0.05).
Conclusion Frequency of domestic violence witness in childhood is associated with the mean scores of the QOL of college students. It is necessary to explore effective prevention and intervention programs for exposure to domestic violence in childhood.
【摘要】 目的 探讨童年期目睹家庭暴力频率对大学生生活质量的影响, 为提高童年期目睹家庭暴力发生的大学生生活 质量水平提供参考。 方法 2018 年 10 月, 采用分层整群抽样的方法, 选取安徽省合肥市 4 所高校 4 034 名大学生作为研 究对象。采用国外冲突策略问卷简版和WHO生活质量评价量表简表评估大学生童年期目睹家庭暴力和生活质量状况。 采用多元线性回归模型分析大学生童年期目睹家庭暴力频率与生活质量关联。 结果 大学生生活质量的主观评估、健康 主观评估、生理、心理、社会关系、环境维度得分分别为 (14.06±3.25) (13.42±3.47) (12.61±2.02) (14.09±2.62) (13.72±2.71) (13.77±2.46) 分。多元线性回归模型结果显示, 童年期目睹家庭暴力总体与大学生生活质量各维度得分呈负相关 ( P 值均<0.01)。除童年期有时目睹家庭重度躯体暴力与生活质量健康主观评估及环境维度相关性无统计学意义外, 大学生 童年期目睹家庭暴力频率与生活质量各维度均呈负相关 ( P 值均<0.05)。 结论 童年期目睹家庭暴力频率会降低大学生 生活质量, 探索有效的预防和干预童年期目睹家庭暴力的方案是必要的。