Cosme Alvarado-Esquivel 1 , * , Luis Francisco Sánchez-Anguiano 2 , Jesús Hernández-Tinoco 2 , Agar Ramos-Nevarez 3 , Sergio Estrada-Martínez 2 , Sandra Margarita Cerrillo-Soto 3 , Miriam Alejandra Mijarez-Hernández 4 , Carlos Alberto Guido-Arreola 3 , Alma Rosa Pérez-Álamos 2 , Isabel Beristain-Garcia 4 , Elizabeth Rábago-Sánchez 5
We determined the association between having a history of surgery and the seroreactivity to T. gondii. An age- and gender-matched case-control study of 391 subjects with a history of surgery and 391 subjects without this history was performed. Sera of subjects were analyzed for detection of anti- T. gondii immunoglobulin G (IgG) and M (IgM) antibodies using enzyme-linked immunoassays. Anti- T. gondii IgG antibodies were found in 25 (6.4%) of the 391 cases and in 21 (5.4%) of the 391 controls (odds ratio [OR] = 1.29; 95% confidence interval [CI]: 0.66–2.18; P = 0.54). The frequency of cases with high IgG antibody levels (10/25: 40.0%) was equal to that found in controls (8/21: 38.1%) (OR = 1.08; 95% CI: 0.32–3.56; P = 0.89). Of the 25 anti- T. gondii IgG antibody seropositive cases, 5 (16.0%) were also positive for anti- T. gondii IgM antibodies. Meanwhile, of the 21 anti- T. gondii IgG antibody seropositive controls, 4 (19.0%) were also positive for anti- T. gondii IgM antibodies (OR = 0.81; 95% CI: 0.17–3.72; P = 0.80). Logistic regression showed that only the variable “hysterectomy” was associated with T. gondii seropositivity (OR = 4.6; 95% CI: 1.6–13.4; P = 0.005). Results suggest that having a history of surgery is not an important risk factor for infection with T. gondii. However, the link between T. gondii infection and hysterectomy should be further investigated.