Daptomycin has concentration-dependent antibacterial activity against Gram-positive bacteria. Its use is increasing in haemodialysis units. The manufacturer recommends a 4-6-mg/kg dose administered every 48 hrs for patients receiving haemodialysis. However, there are no published data about daptomycin pharmacokinetics and clearance during haemodialysis. The recommended dosing regimen would conflict with asymmetric thrice-weekly haemodialysis, which yields two ~44-hr and one ~68-hr interdialytic periods. This is the first study to evaluate daptomycin pharmacokinetics in haemodialysis patients, assess the extent of daptomycin dialytic removal and model serum concentrations at 44 and 68 hrs.