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      The rise of graphene.

      1 ,
      Nature materials

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          Abstract

          Graphene is a rapidly rising star on the horizon of materials science and condensed-matter physics. This strictly two-dimensional material exhibits exceptionally high crystal and electronic quality, and, despite its short history, has already revealed a cornucopia of new physics and potential applications, which are briefly discussed here. Whereas one can be certain of the realness of applications only when commercial products appear, graphene no longer requires any further proof of its importance in terms of fundamental physics. Owing to its unusual electronic spectrum, graphene has led to the emergence of a new paradigm of 'relativistic' condensed-matter physics, where quantum relativistic phenomena, some of which are unobservable in high-energy physics, can now be mimicked and tested in table-top experiments. More generally, graphene represents a conceptually new class of materials that are only one atom thick, and, on this basis, offers new inroads into low-dimensional physics that has never ceased to surprise and continues to provide a fertile ground for applications.

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          Author and article information

          Journal
          Nat Mater
          Nature materials
          1476-1122
          1476-1122
          Mar 2007
          : 6
          : 3
          Affiliations
          [1 ] Manchester Centre for Mesoscience and Nanotechnology, University of Manchester, Oxford Road, Manchester M13 9PL, UK.
          Article
          nmat1849
          10.1038/nmat1849
          17330084
          82b089f4-2c72-4643-8016-71aa6106aee1
          History

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