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      Relationship between study weariness, self-compassion and problem behaviors of left-behind adolescents


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          Objective To analyze the association of study weariness with self-compassion and problem behaviors among left behind adolescents, and to explore the moderating role of self-compassion in this association.

          Methods By using convenient sampling method, 1 285 middle school students from two ordinary middle schools in a county of Dazhou City, Sichuan Province were selected, including 895 left behind adolescents. Study weariness, self-compassion and problem behavior were assessed through questionnaire survey.

          Results The scores of self-compassion and externalizing behaviors in boys were higher than that of girls, while the scores of internalizing behaviors of girls were higher than that of boys ( t = 2.13, 1.98, −2.05, P<0.05); the scores of study weariness and internalizing behaviors among left behind adolescents were higher than those of non-left behind adolescents, while the scores of self-compassion of non-left behind adolescents were higher than those of left behind adolescents ( t = 2.01, 2.08, −1.99, P <0.05). The scores of externalizing behaviors among only-one child and junior high school students were higher than that of non-only-one children and high school students, while the scores of internalization problem behaviors of high school students were higher than that of junior high school students ( t = 1.95, 2.03, −2.02, P<0.05). There was a positive correlation between study weariness and problem behavior ( t = 0.37, P<0.01), a negative correlation between self-compassion and problem behavior ( t = −0.49, P< 0.01), and between study weariness and self-compassin ( t = −0.46, P<0.01)

          Conclusion There is a positive correlation between study weariness and behaviral problems among left behind teenagers. The cultivation of self compassion ability of left behind teenagers should be encouraged and promoted.


          【摘要】 目的 分析留守青少年厌学、自悯与问题行为的现状, 并探讨自悯在厌学与问题行为之间的调节作用, 为缓解或 减少留守青少年的问题行为提供相关依据。 方法 采用方便抽样的方法, 选取四川省达州市开江县2所普通中学的1 285 名中学生为调査对象, 其中留守青少年895名;采用厌学量表、自悯量表以及问题行为量表进行问卷调査。 结果 男生的 自悯与外化问题行为得分髙于女生, 而女生的内化问题行为髙于男生( t 值分别为2.13, 1.98, −2.05, P 值均<0.05); 留守青 少年的厌学、内化问题行为得分髙于非留守青少年, 而非留守青少年的自悯得分髙于留守青少年 ( t 值分别为2.01, 2.08, −1.99, P 值均<0.05); 独生子女的外化问题行为髙于非独生子女 ( t =1.95, P<0.05); 初中生的外化问题行为得分髙于髙中 生, 而髙中生的内化问题行为髙于初中生 ( t 值分别为2.03,2.02, P 值均<0.05)。厌学与问题行为呈正相关, 自悯与问题行 为呈负相关, 厌学与自悯呈负相关 ( r 值分别为0.37, −0.49, −0.46, P 值均<0.01)。 结论 厌学与留守青少年问题行为存在 正相关, 应重视留守青少年自悯能力的培养。

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          Author and article information

          Chinese Journal of School Health
          Chinese Journal of School Health (China )
          01 July 2021
          01 August 2021
          : 42
          : 7
          : 1059-1063
          [1] 1Tongren Preschool Education College, Tongren (554300), Guizhou Province, China
          © 2021 Chinese Journal of School Health

          This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 Unported License (CC BY-NC 4.0), which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited. See https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0/.

          Self URI (journal-page): http://www.cjsh.org.cn
          Journal Article

          Ophthalmology & Optometry,Pediatrics,Nutrition & Dietetics,Clinical Psychology & Psychiatry,Public health
          Regression analysis,Helplessness, learned,Behavior,Adolescent,Mental health


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