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      A new concept for risk analysis relating to the degradation of water reservoirs

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          Abstract

          This paper presents a proposal for a procedure by which to analyse the risk of reservoirs being degraded. The body of water assessed for its susceptibility to degradation in line with the proposed procedure is Myczkowce Reservoir, SE Poland. This reservoir has a maximum capacity of ten million m 3 and helps provide hydropower, by serving as a surge tank located above the main Solina Reservoir. On the basis of an assessment of its morphometric and hydrological parameters, Myczkowce Reservoir was assigned to the low-resilience category where risk of degradation was concerned. The primary factors responsible for that are limited capacity in relation to shoreline length, a lack of thermal stratification, and a high value for the Schindler index. These and other environmental parameters provided for Myczkowce’s assignment to the category of susceptible to the impact of matter supplied by its catchment, with this reflecting the instantaneous nature of the basin, high values for the Ohle coefficient, average catchment slope, and the lack of a septic system. The designated risk level supported Myczkowce’s assignment to a category characterised by an “unacceptable” risk of degradation. The proposed method taking two parameters (resilience and susceptibility) into account represents the first universal method for assessing reservoirs without reference to risks such as drought, flooding, or lack of water supply for human consumption. The risk depends only on the reservoir and catchment parameters.

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          Most cited references 30

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          Resilience and Stability of Ecological Systems

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            Reliability, resiliency, and vulnerability criteria for water resource system performance evaluation

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              Pitfalls in risk calculations

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                Author and article information

                Affiliations
                [1 ]ISNI 0000 0001 1103 8934, GRID grid.412309.d, Department of Water Supply and Sewage Disposal, Faculty of Civil and Environmental Engineering and Architecture, , Rzeszow University of Technology, ; Rzeszów, Poland
                [2 ]ISNI 0000 0001 1103 8934, GRID grid.412309.d, Department of Environmental Engineering and Chemistry, Faculty of Civil and Environmental Engineering and Architecture, , Rzeszów University of Technology, ; Rzeszów, Poland
                Author notes

                Responsible editor: Philippe Garrigues

                Contributors
                ORCID: http://orcid.org/0000-0001-6866-7432, +48-17-865-1427 , pkoszel@prz.edu.pl
                Journal
                Environ Sci Pollut Res Int
                Environ Sci Pollut Res Int
                Environmental Science and Pollution Research International
                Springer Berlin Heidelberg (Berlin/Heidelberg )
                0944-1344
                1614-7499
                29 June 2018
                29 June 2018
                2018
                : 25
                : 25
                : 25591-25599
                2634
                10.1007/s11356-018-2634-6
                6133120
                29959740
                © The Author(s) 2018

                Open Access This article is distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/), which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided you give appropriate credit to the original author(s) and the source, provide a link to the Creative Commons license, and indicate if changes were made.

                Funding
                Funded by: FundRef http://dx.doi.org/10.13039/501100004281, Narodowe Centrum Nauki;
                Award ID: 2011/03/B/ST10/04998
                Award Recipient :
                Categories
                Research Article
                Custom metadata
                © Springer-Verlag GmbH Germany, part of Springer Nature 2018

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