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      Solutions for Critical Raw Materials Under Extreme Conditions

      Impact

      Science Impact, Ltd.

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          Abstract

          Difficulties in the access to critical raw materials (CRMs) are expected to depress industrial sectors vital to Europe.The Action focuses on the substitution of CRMs (like Cr, Co, Nb, W, Y) in high value alloys and metal-matrix composites used under extreme conditions of temperature, loading, friction, wear, corrosion, in Energy, Transportation and Machinery manufacturing industries.The Action aims to set up a network of expertise to define the state of knowledge and gaps in multi-scale modelling, synthesis, characterization, engineering design and recycling, that could find viable alternatives to CRMs and promote the industrial exploitation of substituted materials.The Action envisions a fully Sustainable Value Chain approach for:Machinery manufacturing industryAlternatives for Co and W in WC/Co cemented carbide wear resistant tool materials (Hard Metals and Cutting Tools)Alternatives for chromium- and tungsten-alloyed tool steelsEnergy IndustryReduction of Cr and Y in high-strength steel alloysAlternatives for Cr and other CRMs by hard, wear and corrosion resistant surface coatingsTransportation IndustryAlternatives for Nb in high-strength low-alloy (HSLA) steel (Automotive)Alternatives for high-temperature Ni-based superalloys (Aerospace)

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          Author and article information

          Journal
          Impact
          impact
          Science Impact, Ltd.
          2398-7073
          September 01 2017
          September 01 2017
          : 2017
          : 7
          : 92-94
          Article
          10.21820/23987073.2017.7.92
          © 2017

          This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 Unported License. To view a copy of this license, visit http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/

          Earth & Environmental sciences, Medicine, Computer science, Agriculture, Engineering

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