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      Why Does Workplace Gender Diversity Matter? Justice, Organizational Benefits, and Policy

      1 , 1 , 1

      Social Issues and Policy Review

      Wiley

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          Most cited references 125

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          Self-determination theory and the facilitation of intrinsic motivation, social development, and well-being.

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            Role congruity theory of prejudice toward female leaders.

            A role congruity theory of prejudice toward female leaders proposes that perceived incongruity between the female gender role and leadership roles leads to 2 forms of prejudice: (a) perceiving women less favorably than men as potential occupants of leadership roles and (b) evaluating behavior that fulfills the prescriptions of a leader role less favorably when it is enacted by a woman. One consequence is that attitudes are less positive toward female than male leaders and potential leaders. Other consequences are that it is more difficult for women to become leaders and to achieve success in leadership roles. Evidence from varied research paradigms substantiates that these consequences occur, especially in situations that heighten perceptions of incongruity between the female gender role and leadership roles.
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              The gender similarities hypothesis.

               Janet Hyde (2005)
              The differences model, which argues that males and females are vastly different psychologically, dominates the popular media. Here, the author advances a very different view, the gender similarities hypothesis, which holds that males and females are similar on most, but not all, psychological variables. Results from a review of 46 meta-analyses support the gender similarities hypothesis. Gender differences can vary substantially in magnitude at different ages and depend on the context in which measurement occurs. Overinflated claims of gender differences carry substantial costs in areas such as the workplace and relationships. Copyright (c) 2005 APA, all rights reserved.
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                Author and article information

                Journal
                Social Issues and Policy Review
                Social Issues and Policy Review
                Wiley
                1751-2395
                1751-2409
                January 2020
                December 12 2019
                January 2020
                : 14
                : 1
                : 36-72
                Affiliations
                [1 ]The University of Melbourne
                Article
                10.1111/sipr.12064
                © 2020

                http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/termsAndConditions#vor

                http://doi.wiley.com/10.1002/tdm_license_1.1

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