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      Form and function: structural analysis in evolutionary morphology

      Paleobiology
      Cambridge University Press (CUP)

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          Abstract

          A theoretical approach to the analysis of historical factors (Raup 1972) in evolutionary morphology is presented which addresses transformational hypotheses about structural systems. This (structural) approach to testing historical hypotheses about phylogenetic constraints on form and function and structural and functional versatility involves (1) the reconstruction of nested sets of structural features in monophyletic taxa, (2) the use of general or emergent organizational properties of structural and functional systems (as opposed to uniquely derived morphological features), and (3) the comparative examination of the consequences for structural and functional diversity of these general features in related monophyletic taxa.

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          Most cited references39

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          Construction of phylogenetic trees.

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            Evolution and tinkering.

            F Jacob (1977)
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              Size and shape in ontogeny and phylogeny

              We present a quantitative method for describing how heterochronic changes in ontogeny relate to phyletic trends. This is a step towards creating a unified view of developmental biology and evolutionary ecology in the study of morphological evolution. Using this representation, we obtain a greatly simplified and logical scheme of classification. We believe that this scheme will be particularly useful in studying the data of paleontology and comparative morphology and in the analysis of processes leading to adaptive radiation. We illustrate this scheme by examples drawn from the literature and our own work.
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                Author and article information

                Journal
                applab
                Paleobiology
                Paleobiology
                Cambridge University Press (CUP)
                0094-8373
                1938-5331
                1981
                February 2016
                : 7
                : 04
                : 430-442
                Article
                10.1017/S0094837300025495
                836b656e-2ac2-4369-95b3-38810eeaff12
                © 1981
                History

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