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      [Smoking among school children in Sousse, Tunisia].

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          Abstract

          In order to study smoking habits of children and adolescents from Sousse in Tunisia, we undertook an epidemiological survey on a representative sample of 1569 pupils aged between 13 and 19 years with a global answer rate of 95,4%. The objective of the study was both to describe Tunisian adolescent smoking behaviour and also to evaluate the influence of the home environment, friends and the different socio-demographic factors on acquiring or maintaining the habit. Students were surveyed in schools using a self-administered, anonymous questionnaire. Overall 7,6% of our sample smoked tobacco with prevalence amongst boys being much higher than in girls: 14,7% versus 1,1%; X(2)=103,4, p=0,00001. The smoking prevalence rose with age: in boys it increased from 3,4% at 13 years to 32,3% at 19 years; X(2)=40,9, p=0,0001. 60,6% of youngsters interrogated were exposed to passive smoking at home. Peer smoking behaviour has a clear effect on the tobacco habits of boys. These findings suggest school and medical authorities should design specific programs to limit the spread of the tobacco phenomenon in youngsters.

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          Author and article information

          Journal
          Rev Mal Respir
          Revue des maladies respiratoires
          0761-8425
          0761-8425
          Jun 2002
          : 19
          : 3
          Affiliations
          [1 ] Service d'Epidémiologie et de Statistiques Médicales, Hôpital Farhat Hached, Sousse, Tunisie, France. imed_harrabi@excite.com
          Article
          MDOI-RMR-06-2002-19-3-0761-8425-101019-ART9
          12161697

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