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      Acceleration of an unpolarized proton along a uniform magnetic field: Casimir momentum of leptons

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          Abstract

          It has been recently shown that a chiral molecule accelerates linearly along a spatially uniform magnetic field, as a result of the parity-time symmetry breaking induced in its QED self-interaction. In this work we extend this result to fundamental particles which present EW self-interaction, in which case parity is violated by the EW interaction itself. In particular, we demonstrate that, in a spatially uniform and adiabatically time-varying magnetic field, an unpolarized proton coupled to the leptonic vacuum acquires a kinetic momentum antiparallel to the magnetic field, whereas virtual leptons gain an equivalent \(Casimir\) \(momentum\) in the opposite direction. That momentum is proportional to the magnetic field and to the square of Fermi's constant. We prove that the kinetic energy of the proton is a magnetic energy which forms part of its EW self-energy.

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          Hadron masses in a gauge theory

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            P-wave baryons in the quark model

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              Experimental Test of Parity Conservation in Beta Decay

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                Author and article information

                Journal
                28 July 2019
                Article
                1907.13518

                http://arxiv.org/licenses/nonexclusive-distrib/1.0/

                Custom metadata
                10-page main text, 7 appendices, 2 figures. This article partially supersedes arXiv:1810.12831
                hep-ph hep-th quant-ph

                Quantum physics & Field theory, High energy & Particle physics

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