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Preprint

Dominic V. Else , Hoi Chun Po , Haruki Watanabe

06 September 2018

Topological phases of matter are defined by their nontrivial patterns of ground-state quantum entanglement, which is irremovable so long as the excitation gap and the protecting symmetries, if any, are maintained. Recent studies on noninteracting electrons in crystals have unveiled a peculiar variety of topological phases, which harbors nontrivial entanglement that can be dissolved simply by the the addition of entanglement-free, but charged, degrees of freedom. Such topological phases have a weaker sense of robustness than their conventional counterparts, and are therefore dubbed "fragile topological phases." In this work, we show that fragile topology is a general concept prevailing beyond systems of noninteracting electrons. We identify the key ingredients for fragile topological phases, and demonstrate their existence not only in interacting systems of fermions, but also bosons.

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Andreas Ludwig, Akira Furusaki, Shinsei Ryu … (2008)

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Akira Furusaki, Andreas P. Schnyder, Andreas Ludwig … (2009)

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Chong Wang, T Senthil, Andrew Potter (2013)

1809.02128

http://arxiv.org/licenses/nonexclusive-distrib/1.0/