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      Collapsing Glomerulopathy Affecting Native and Transplant Kidneys in Individuals with COVID-19


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          Since the emergency of novel coronavirus COVID-19 (SARS-CoV-2) in December 2019, infections have spread rapidly across the world. The reported incidence of acute kidney injury (AKI) in the context of COVID-19 is variable, and its mechanism is not well understood. Data are emerging about possible mechanisms of AKI including virus-induced cytopathic effect and cytokine storm-induced injury. To date, there have been few reports of kidney biopsy findings in the context of AKI in COVID-19 infection. This article describes 2 cases of collapsing glomerulopathy, 1 in a native kidney and, for the first time, 1 in a kidney transplant. Both individuals were black, and both presented without significant respiratory compromise. Indeed, the 2 patients we describe remained systemically well for the majority of their inpatient stay, which would support the hypothesis that for these patients, AKI was caused by a cytopathic viral effect, rather than that of a cytokine storm or acute tubular necrosis caused by prolonged hypovolaemia or the effect of medication known to exacerbate AKI. Here, we report 2 cases of AKI with collapsing glomerulopathy in COVID-19, one of which is in a kidney transplant recipient, not previously described elsewhere.

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          Most cited references16

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          Clinical Characteristics of Coronavirus Disease 2019 in China

          Abstract Background Since December 2019, when coronavirus disease 2019 (Covid-19) emerged in Wuhan city and rapidly spread throughout China, data have been needed on the clinical characteristics of the affected patients. Methods We extracted data regarding 1099 patients with laboratory-confirmed Covid-19 from 552 hospitals in 30 provinces, autonomous regions, and municipalities in mainland China through January 29, 2020. The primary composite end point was admission to an intensive care unit (ICU), the use of mechanical ventilation, or death. Results The median age of the patients was 47 years; 41.9% of the patients were female. The primary composite end point occurred in 67 patients (6.1%), including 5.0% who were admitted to the ICU, 2.3% who underwent invasive mechanical ventilation, and 1.4% who died. Only 1.9% of the patients had a history of direct contact with wildlife. Among nonresidents of Wuhan, 72.3% had contact with residents of Wuhan, including 31.3% who had visited the city. The most common symptoms were fever (43.8% on admission and 88.7% during hospitalization) and cough (67.8%). Diarrhea was uncommon (3.8%). The median incubation period was 4 days (interquartile range, 2 to 7). On admission, ground-glass opacity was the most common radiologic finding on chest computed tomography (CT) (56.4%). No radiographic or CT abnormality was found in 157 of 877 patients (17.9%) with nonsevere disease and in 5 of 173 patients (2.9%) with severe disease. Lymphocytopenia was present in 83.2% of the patients on admission. Conclusions During the first 2 months of the current outbreak, Covid-19 spread rapidly throughout China and caused varying degrees of illness. Patients often presented without fever, and many did not have abnormal radiologic findings. (Funded by the National Health Commission of China and others.)
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            A Novel Coronavirus from Patients with Pneumonia in China, 2019

            Summary In December 2019, a cluster of patients with pneumonia of unknown cause was linked to a seafood wholesale market in Wuhan, China. A previously unknown betacoronavirus was discovered through the use of unbiased sequencing in samples from patients with pneumonia. Human airway epithelial cells were used to isolate a novel coronavirus, named 2019-nCoV, which formed a clade within the subgenus sarbecovirus, Orthocoronavirinae subfamily. Different from both MERS-CoV and SARS-CoV, 2019-nCoV is the seventh member of the family of coronaviruses that infect humans. Enhanced surveillance and further investigation are ongoing. (Funded by the National Key Research and Development Program of China and the National Major Project for Control and Prevention of Infectious Disease in China.)
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              KDIGO Clinical Practice Guidelines for Acute Kidney Injury


                Author and article information

                Nephron Clin Pract
                Nephron Clin Pract
                Nephron. Clinical Practice
                S. Karger AG (Allschwilerstrasse 10, P.O. Box · Postfach · Case postale, CH–4009, Basel, Switzerland · Schweiz · Suisse, Phone: +41 61 306 11 11, Fax: +41 61 306 12 34, karger@karger.com )
                7 September 2020
                : 144
                : 11
                : 589-594
                [1 ] aNottingham Renal and Transplant Unit, Nottingham University Hospitals NHS Trust, Nottingham, United Kingdom
                [2 ] bHistopathology Department, Nottingham City Hospital, Nottingham University Hospitals NHS Trust, Nottingham, United Kingdom
                Author notes
                *Mark Jesky, Nottingham Renal and Transplant Unit, Nottingham University Hospitals, Hucknall Road, Nottingham NG5 1PB (UK), mark.jesky@ 123456nuh.nhs.uk
                Copyright © 2020 by S. Karger AG, Basel
                : 26 May 2020
                : 3 July 2020
                : 2020
                Page count
                Figures: 1, Tables: 2, References: 17, Pages: 6
                Clinical Practice: Case Report

                acute kidney injury,collapsing glomerulopathy,transplant,kidney biopsy,covid-19


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