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      Direct Binding of C-terminal Region of p130 to SH2 and SH3 Domains of Src Kinase

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          Most cited references 38

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          The SH2 and SH3 domain-containing protein GRB2 links receptor tyrosine kinases to ras signaling.

          A cDNA clone encoding a novel, widely expressed protein (called growth factor receptor-bound protein 2 or GRB2) containing one src homology 2 (SH2) domain and two SH3 domains was isolated. Immunoblotting experiments indicate that GRB2 associates with tyrosine-phosphorylated epidermal growth factor receptors (EGFRs) and platelet-derived growth factor receptors (PDGFRs) via its SH2 domain. Interestingly, GRB2 exhibits striking structural and functional homology to the C. elegans protein sem-5. It has been shown that sem-5 and two other genes called let-23 (EGFR like) and let-60 (ras like) lie along the same signal transduction pathway controlling C. elegans vulval induction. To examine whether GRB2 is also a component of ras signaling in mammalian cells, microinjection studies were performed. While injection of GRB2 or H-ras proteins alone into quiescent rat fibroblasts did not have mitogenic effect, microinjection of GRB2 together with H-ras protein stimulated DNA synthesis. These results suggest that GRB2/sem-5 plays a crucial role in a highly conserved mechanism for growth factor control of ras signaling.
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            SH2 domains recognize specific phosphopeptide sequences

             S. Zhou (1993)
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              Catalytic specificity of protein-tyrosine kinases is critical for selective signalling.

              How do distinct protein-tyrosine kinases activate specific down-stream events? Src-homology-2 (SH2) domains on tyrosine kinases or targets of tyrosine kinases recognize phosphotyrosine in a specific sequence context and thereby provide some specificity. The role of the catalytic site of tyrosine kinases in determining target specificity has not been fully investigated. Here we use a degenerate peptide library to show that each of nine tyrosine kinases investigated has a unique optimal peptide substrate. We find that the cytosolic tyrosine kinases preferentially phosphorylate peptides recognized by their own SH2 domains or closely related SH2 domains (group I; ref. 3), whereas receptor tyrosine kinases preferentially phosphorylate peptides recognized by subsets of group III SH2 domains. The importance of these findings for human disease is underscored by our observation that a point mutation in the RET receptor-type tyrosine kinase, which causes multiple endocrine neoplasia type 2B, results in a shift in peptide substrate specificity.
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                Author and article information

                Journal
                Journal of Biological Chemistry
                J. Biol. Chem.
                American Society for Biochemistry & Molecular Biology (ASBMB)
                0021-9258
                1083-351X
                April 12 1996
                April 12 1996
                : 271
                : 15
                : 8959-8965
                Article
                10.1074/jbc.271.15.8959
                83fcb1e3-54ef-4c47-a163-ba01e0aa30e9
                © 1996

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