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      Characteristics of school food poisoning incident in Guizhou Province during 2011 to 2018

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          Abstract

          Objective To analyze the rule and characteristics of school food poisoning incident in Guizhou Province during 2011–2018.

          Methods Data of school food poisoning incidents were collected from the Foodborne Disease Outbreak Surveillance System in Guizhou Province during 2011-2018 and statistically analyzed.

          Results A total of 78 cases of food poisoning occurred in schools in Guizhou Province during 2011–2018. Among the 1 506 cases, 869 hospitalized and 1 died. May was peak time for school food poisoning. Most of the incidents (83.33%, 65/78) occurred in the school canteens. Plant origin products (50%, 39/78), especially spoiled rice, were the most common types of food poisoning in school (16.67%, 13/78).

          Conclusion Primary and secondary school students were the largest group for school food poisoning in Guizhou province. It was necessary to strengthen the supervision and management of school canteens and surrounding places, as well as to improve the food safety awareness of food operators and students, preventing similar incidents from happening again.

          Abstract

          【摘要】 目的 分析贵州省 2011—2018 年学校食物中毒事件的流行规律及特点, 为预防和控制学校食物中毒事件的 发生提供防控依据。 方法 收集贵州省 2011—2018 年食源性疾病暴发监测系统报告的学校食物中毒事件资料, 对食物中 毒暴发情况进行统计分析。 结果 2011—2018 年贵州省学校共发生食物中毒事件 78 起, 中毒 1 506 人, 住院 869 人, 死亡 1 人; 5 月是学校食物中毒事件的髙峰期, 分别占学校事件总数和中毒人数的 20.51% (16/78), 27.36% (412/1 506); 中小学 食堂是学校食物中毒事件的髙发场所, 占学校总事件的 83.33% (65/78)。中毒食品最多的是植物类及其制品, 占 50.00% (39/78), 其中变质或受污染大米引发的食物中毒居于首位, 占总事件的 16.67% (13/78)。 结论 中小学生是学生食物中 毒髙发群体。应加强学校食堂及周边学生集中进餐场所的监督和管理, 提髙食品加工人员及学生的食品安全意识, 防范类 似事件的发生。

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          Author and article information

          Journal
          CJSH
          Chinese Journal of School Health
          Chinese Journal of School Health (China )
          1000-9817
          01 December 2019
          01 February 2020
          : 40
          : 12
          : 1873-1876
          Affiliations
          [1] 1School of Public Health, Guizhou Medical University, Guiyang (550000), China
          Author notes
          *Corresponding author: ZHOU Yajuan, E-mail: 131011922@ 123456qq.com
          Article
          j.cnki.1000-9817.2019.12.030
          10.16835/j.cnki.1000-9817.2019.12.030
          841727c7-8eef-4c00-83c1-4a179efab3e2
          © 2019 Chinese Journal of School Health

          This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 Unported License (CC BY-NC 4.0), which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited. See https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0/.

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          Self URI (journal-page): http://www.cjsh.org.cn
          Categories
          Journal Article

          Ophthalmology & Optometry,Pediatrics,Nutrition & Dietetics,Clinical Psychology & Psychiatry,Public health
          Food,Disease outbreaks,Students,Poisoning

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