The effect of 2 mg/kg intravenous tiapamil was studied by programmed stimulation of the heart in 6 patients. Before tiapamil, sustained tachycardias were initiated in 5, and only atrial echoes in 1. In all patients, the reentrant circuit involved an accessory pathway conducting only in the ventriculoatrial direction. When administered during tachycardia, tiapamil promptly terminated the arrhythmia in 5 cases. Tiapamil lengthened the atrio-His (A-H) interval and the effective refractory period of the A-V node. As a result of these changes, it was not possible to initiate the tachycardia in 1 patient. In 1 case, tiapamil permitted the induction of sustained tachycardia, while only echoes had been initiated before the drug. In 2 cases, the tachycardia zone narrowed, in 2 others it widened following tiapamil. The ability to sustain the arrhythmia was lost in 1 patient. Tiapamil may be useful for the termination of reentrant supraventricular tachycardia involving concealed accessory pathways. Whether tiapamil prevents or favors the initiation of tachycardia in these patients depends on the interplay between the prolongation of the effective A-V nodal refractory period and the prolongation of the transnodal conduction time in individual patients.