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      Electrophysiology of Tiapamil in Concealed Accessory Pathways

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          Abstract

          The effect of 2 mg/kg intravenous tiapamil was studied by programmed stimulation of the heart in 6 patients. Before tiapamil, sustained tachycardias were initiated in 5, and only atrial echoes in 1. In all patients, the reentrant circuit involved an accessory pathway conducting only in the ventriculoatrial direction. When administered during tachycardia, tiapamil promptly terminated the arrhythmia in 5 cases. Tiapamil lengthened the atrio-His (A-H) interval and the effective refractory period of the A-V node. As a result of these changes, it was not possible to initiate the tachycardia in 1 patient. In 1 case, tiapamil permitted the induction of sustained tachycardia, while only echoes had been initiated before the drug. In 2 cases, the tachycardia zone narrowed, in 2 others it widened following tiapamil. The ability to sustain the arrhythmia was lost in 1 patient. Tiapamil may be useful for the termination of reentrant supraventricular tachycardia involving concealed accessory pathways. Whether tiapamil prevents or favors the initiation of tachycardia in these patients depends on the interplay between the prolongation of the effective A-V nodal refractory period and the prolongation of the transnodal conduction time in individual patients.

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          Author and article information

          Journal
          CRD
          Cardiology
          10.1159/issn.0008-6312
          Cardiology
          S. Karger AG
          978-3-8055-3588-5
          978-3-318-01756-4
          0008-6312
          1421-9751
          1982
          1982
          07 November 2008
          : 69
          : Suppl 1
          : 130-139
          Affiliations
          Departments of Internal Medicine and Surgery I, University of Innsbruck, Austria
          Article
          173546 Cardiology 1982;69:130–139
          10.1159/000173546
          © 1982 S. Karger AG, Basel

          Copyright: All rights reserved. No part of this publication may be translated into other languages, reproduced or utilized in any form or by any means, electronic or mechanical, including photocopying, recording, microcopying, or by any information storage and retrieval system, without permission in writing from the publisher. Drug Dosage: The authors and the publisher have exerted every effort to ensure that drug selection and dosage set forth in this text are in accord with current recommendations and practice at the time of publication. However, in view of ongoing research, changes in government regulations, and the constant flow of information relating to drug therapy and drug reactions, the reader is urged to check the package insert for each drug for any changes in indications and dosage and for added warnings and precautions. This is particularly important when the recommended agent is a new and/or infrequently employed drug. Disclaimer: The statements, opinions and data contained in this publication are solely those of the individual authors and contributors and not of the publishers and the editor(s). The appearance of advertisements or/and product references in the publication is not a warranty, endorsement, or approval of the products or services advertised or of their effectiveness, quality or safety. The publisher and the editor(s) disclaim responsibility for any injury to persons or property resulting from any ideas, methods, instructions or products referred to in the content or advertisements.

          Page count
          Pages: 10
          Categories
          Electrophysiological Property

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