Effects of estrogen, pituitary gonadotropins and prolactin on immunohistochemical localization of α- and β<sub>A</sub>-subunits in the ovaries of hypophysectomized female rats were investigated. Hypophysectomy resulted in disappearance of immunoreactive inhibin subunits in the ovary. Administration of DES, FSH and LH to hypophysectomized rats provoked growth of follicles, and resulted in positive immunostaining for inhibin subunits in the granulosa cells. In contrast to follicle-stimulating hormone (FSH) and luteinizing hormone (LH), prolactin administration failed to demonstrate positive staining for inhibin subunits in the ovary. The present in vivo results suggest that several hormones which are known to stimulate granulosa cell growth and maturation, such as estrogen, FSH and LH, enhance inhibin subunit production by the overy. The morphologic aspect of inhibin subunit production by the ovary in response to several hormones has been demonstrated in the present study.