To test whether successive replacement cycles in the pharyngeal dentition of the zebrafish, a polyphyodont vertebrate model organism, entail overall shape changes in the teeth, a qualitative and quantitative analysis was made of size and shape variables in the five ventral teeth. The following measurements were defined: tooth length, tooth height, neck-crown angle, cusp depth, and crown curvature. Ontogenetic changes in fish, ranging between 6 and 29 mm standard length (SL), were analysed by linear regressions on to SL. The teeth became significantly larger with growth of the fish, through successive replacements and cusp depth also increased over time. Neck--crown angle and crown curvature did not change over time. Position-dependent differences were analysed by Friedman ANOVA and Kendall concordance tests. Measurements differed significantly according to tooth position in the pharyngeal jaws. Tooth 1V was always the smallest, 3V the largest. The neck--crown angle and curvature of the crown increased from 1V to 5V. Cusp depth increased from 1V to 3V, and then decreased again. These results indicate that successive replacement cycles entail a size increase accompanied by shape changes apparently restricted to the crown. These quantitative data lay the basis for further descriptive and experimental studies of tooth shape in this model-species.