With the high rates of obesity worldwide, laparoscopic sleeve gastrectomy (LSG) has become a very popular procedure. Due to its simple technique, rare complications might be overseen. Gastric leaks and fistula are fairly uncommon complications. In comparison to other types of fistulas, gastrobronchial fistulas are rarer with serious complications. Definitive management is yet to be determined. We intend to explore the literature on the management approach of such patients.
A 46-year-old male, presented with on/off abdominal pain, productive cough, and vomiting. The patient had left sided rhonchi on examination. In addition to a history of laparoscopic sleeve gastrectomy (LSG) 4 years ago. Imaging confirmed the presence of a gastrobronchial fistula. Conservative and endoscopic treatment failed. Consecutively, surgery was indicated. A laparoscopic mini gastric bypass with refashioning of gastric fistula edges and closure with graham patch was done.
Given the increasing number of such surgeries performed the recognition of acute and chronic complications, and their optimal management is of great importance. Although performing a Roux-en-Y fistulojejunostomy was recommended in the literature, conservative and endoscopic treatment should be considered before.