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      Bridging the gap: decomposing sources of gender yield gaps in Uganda groundnut production

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          Abstract

          Female plot managers in Sub-Saharan Africa often realize significantly lower crop yields than their male counterparts. Even for legumes, which are often referred to as ‘women’s crops’, yields are significantly lower. This study investigated the underlying causes of this gender yield gap in groundnut production. The analysis is based on survey data from 228 farm households from two groundnut growing regions in Uganda. We used the Blinder-Oaxaca model to decompose factors that contribute to this yield gap. Results show 63% and 44% gender yield gaps for improved and local varieties, respectively, with female plot managers realizing less than their male counterparts. Improved groundnut seeds increase female plot manager’s yields but not the yields of male plot managers. Male advantage and female disadvantage combined account for more than 70% of the yield gap in both improved and local groundnut variety production and exceed pure productivity differences. Labor use differences between female and male plot managers and variety types explain the observed yield gap. Interventions and policies that increase women’s access to productive inputs including improved seed will significantly contribute to closing the yield gap, and thereby increase crop production, food security, as well as women’s incomes.

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          Most cited references 35

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          Male-Female Wage Differentials in Urban Labor Markets

           Ronald Oaxaca (1973)
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            Wage Discrimination: Reduced Form and Structural Estimates

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              Integrating quantitative and qualitative research: how is it done?

               A Bryman (2006)
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                Author and article information

                Journal
                Gend Technol Dev
                Gend Technol Dev
                RGTD
                rgtd20
                Gender, Technology and Development
                Routledge
                0971-8524
                2019
                12 June 2019
                : 23
                : 1
                : 19-35
                Affiliations
                [a ]Department of Agribusiness and Natural Resource Economics, Makerere University , Kampala, Uganda;
                [b ]World Agroforestry (ICRAF) , Nairobi, Kenya;
                [c ]NARO/National Semi-Arid Resources Research Institute (NaSARRI) , Soroti, Uganda;
                [d ]International Crops Research Institute for the Semi-Arid Tropics (ICRISAT) , Nairobi, Kenya
                Author notes
                CONTACT Johnny Mugisha johnnymugisha@ 123456gmail.com Department of Agribusiness and Natural Resource Economics, Makerere University , P.O Box 7062, Kampala, Uganda
                Article
                1621597
                10.1080/09718524.2019.1621597
                6636893
                © 2019 The Author(s). Published by Informa UK Limited, trading as Taylor & Francis Group.

                This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License ( http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/), which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

                Page count
                Figures: 0, Tables: 8, Pages: 17, Words: 7516
                Product
                Funding
                Funded by: Bill and Melinda Gates Foundation 10.13039/100000865
                This work was undertaken as part of, and funded by, the CGIAR Research Program on Grain Legumes and Dryland Cereals (GLDC). We acknowledge the Bill and Melinda Gates Foundation for funding this study under the Tropical Legume III (TLIII) project.
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