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      Correlation of callosal connections and optical imaging maps in visual cortex of mice lacking retinal activity waves due to deficiency in the ß2 subunit of the nicotinic acetylcholine receptor

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          Abstract

          Studies of visual callosal connections proposed that bilateral projections from temporal retina promote the formation of callosal linkages between cortical loci that are retinotopically matched and non-mirror symmetric with respect to the brain midline. It is therefore possible for a spontaneously active retinal locus to simultaneously activate retinotopically corresponding loci in both cortices, leading to Hebbian-like stabilization of connections between them before the eyes open. Interhemispheric correlated activity could stem from single ganglion cells that send axon branches to both sides, or from closely located cells that project to one side or the other, but which fire in synchrony due to spontaneously generated retinal activity waves. We hypothesized that lack of retinal waves could induce callosal map anomalies similar to those produced by neonatal enucleation. We studied mice lacking retinal waves due to deficiency in the ß2 subunit of the nicotinic acetylcholine receptor. The organization of callosal projections revealed with small tracer injections was correlated with V1 maps made by imaging intrinsic optical responses to drifting stimuli. Consistent with studies showing that retinofugal and geniculocortical projections are less focused in ß2 -/- mice, we found that the overall callosal pattern in V1 is markedly broader in ß2 -/- mice than in wild type mice. However, the fine topography of the callosal map in ß2 -/- mice is similar to that in wild type and ß2 -/+ mice, indicating that lack of retinal waves is not sufficient for inducing the reversal in the callosal map caused by neonatal enucleation.

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          Author and article information

          Journal
          ScienceOpen Posters
          ScienceOpen
          27 October 2020
          Affiliations
          [1 ] Department of Pasychology, University of Washington, Seattle, WA 98195, USA
          [2 ] Department of Biology and Department of Psychology, University of Virginia, Charlottesville, Virginia 22904, USA, USA
          [3 ] Department of Electrical and Computer Engineering, University of Houston , Houston, Texas, USA
          [4 ] Department of Physiology, Kavli Institute for Fundamental Neuroscience, University of California, San Francisco, CA 94143-0444, USA
          Article
          10.14293/S2199-1006.1.SOR-.PPLOUC4.v1

          This work has been published open access under Creative Commons Attribution License CC BY 4.0 , which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. Conditions, terms of use and publishing policy can be found at www.scienceopen.com .

          The datasets generated during and/or analysed during the current study are available from the corresponding author on reasonable request.

          Life sciences

          ipsilateral visual field representation, ß2-/- mice, retinal activity waves, nicotinic acetylcholine receptor

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