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      TeV-scale Type-II Seesaw Models and Possible Collider Signatures


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          A natural extension of the standard model to accommodate massive neutrinos is to introduce one Higgs triplet and three right-handed Majorana neutrinos, leading to a 6 \times6 neutrino mass matrix. We show that three light Majorana neutrinos (i.e., the mass eigenstates of \nu_e, \nu_\mu and \nu_\tau) are exactly massless, if and only if M_L = M_D M^{-1}_R M^T_D exactly holds in this seesaw model. We propose three simple Type-II seesaw scenarios with broken A_4 \times U(1)_X flavor symmetry to interpret the observed neutrino mass spectrum and neutrino mixing pattern. Such a TeV-scale neutrino model can be tested in two complementary ways: (1) searching for possible collider signatures of lepton number violation induced by the right-handed Majorana neutrinos and doubly-charged Higgs particles; and (2) searching for possible consequences of unitarity violation of the 3\times 3 neutrino mixing matrix in the future long-baseline neutrino oscillation experiments.

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          Pair Production of Doubly-Charged Scalars: Neutrino Mass Constraints and Signals at the LHC

          We study the pair production of doubly charged Higgs bosons at the Large Hadron Collider (LHC), assuming the doubly charged Higgs to be part of an SU(2)_L triplet which generates Majorana masses for left-handed neutrinos. Such pair-production has the advantage that it is not constrained by the triplet vacuum expectation value, which tends to make the single production rate rather small. We point out that, in addition to the Drell-Yan (DY) production mechanism, two-photon processes also contribute to H++H++ production at a level comparable to the QCD corrections to the DY channel. Decays of the doubly charged Higgs into both the l+l+ and W+W+ modes are studied in detail to optimize the signal observation over the backgrounds. Doubly charged scalars should be observable at the LHC with 300 fb^-1 integrated luminosity in the ll channel upto the mass range of 1 TeV even with a branching fraction of about 60 %, and in the WW channel upto a mass of 700 GeV. Such a doubly charged Higgs, if it is a member of a triplet generating neutrino masses,cannot be long-lived on the scale of collider detectors although it might lead to a displaced secondary vertex during its decay if it is lighter than about 250 GeV.

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            16 December 2007
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            4 pages. Talk given by Wei Chao at the 4th International Conference on Flavor Physics, 24-28 September 2007, Beijing (to appear in the proceedings)


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