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      Clinical Evaluation of a New High-Sensitivity Cardiac Troponin I Assay for Diagnosis and Risk Assessment of Patients with Suspected Acute Myocardial Infarction

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          Abstract

          Introduction: Current assays based on the 0-hour/1-hour (0-/1-h) algorithm using high-sensitivity cardiac troponin (hs-cTn) are limited to only Abbott Architect hs-cTnI, Siemens Vista hs-cTnI, and Roche Elecsys hs-cTnT. Objective: This study aimed to evaluate this new hs-cTnI assay, LumipulsePresto hs Troponin I, for diagnosis of acute myocardial infarction (AMI) on admission and on 0-/1-h algorithm to stratify AMI patients precisely. Methods: This prospective cohort study included 442 patients with suspected non-ST-elevation myocardial infarction in three hospitals in Japan and Taiwan from June 2016 to January 2019. We enrolled patients presenting to the emergency department with symptoms suggestive of AMI and collected blood samples on admission and 1 hour later. Two independent cardiologists centrally adjudicated final diagnoses; all clinical information was reviewed twice: first, using serial hs-cTnT (Roche-Elecsys, primary analysis) and Lumipulse Presto Lumipulse Presto, second, using the Lumipulse Presto hs-cTnI measurements. At first, we compared diagnostic accuracy quantified using receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curves for AMI. Then, we evaluated major adverse cardiovascular events (cardiac death, AMI) in the rule-out group according to a 0-hour/1-hour algorithm at the 30-day follow-up. Results: Diagnostic accuracy at presentation by the ROC curve for AMI was very high and similar for the LumipulsePresto hs-cTnI and hs-cTnT,(area under the curve [AUC]: LumipulsePresto hs-cTnI, 0.89, 95% confidence interval [CI] 0.86–0.93; hs-cTnT, 0.89, 95% CI 0.85–0.93; p = 0.82). In early presenters, the LumipulsePresto hs-cTnI appeared to maintain the diagnostic performance of hs-cTn for patients with <3 h (AUC: LumipulsePresto hs-cTnI, 0.87, 95% CI 0.81–0.92; hs-cTnT, 0.86, 95% CI 0.80–0.92; p = 0.81). The algorithm using the LumipulsePresto hs-cTnI ruled out AMI in 200 patients with negative predictive value and sensitivity of 100% (95% CI 97.3%–100%) and 100% (95% CI 92.7%–100%), respectively, in the rule-out group. Conclusion: Diagnostic accuracy and clinical utility of the novel LumipulsePresto hs-cTnI assay are high and comparable with the established hs-cTn assays.

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          Most cited references 14

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          Case definitions for acute coronary heart disease in epidemiology and clinical research studies: a statement from the AHA Council on Epidemiology and Prevention; AHA Statistics Committee; World Heart Federation Council on Epidemiology and Prevention; the European Society of Cardiology Working Group on Epidemiology and Prevention; Centers for Disease Control and Prevention; and the National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute.

           F S Apple,  Andrzej Pająk,   (2003)
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            Assessment of the European Society of Cardiology 0-Hour/1-Hour Algorithm to Rule-Out and Rule-In Acute Myocardial InfarctionClinical Perspective

            The new European Society of Cardiology guidelines to rule-in and rule-out acute myocardial infarction (AMI) in the emergency department include a rapid assessment algorithm based on high-sensitivity cardiac troponin and sampling at 0 and 1 hour. Emergency department physicians require high sensitivity to confidently rule-out AMI, whereas cardiologists aim to minimize false-positive results.
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              Testing of low-risk patients presenting to the emergency department with chest pain: a scientific statement from the American Heart Association.

              The management of low-risk patients presenting to emergency departments is a common and challenging clinical problem entailing 8 million emergency department visits annually. Although a majority of these patients do not have a life-threatening condition, the clinician must distinguish between those who require urgent treatment of a serious problem and those with more benign entities who do not require admission. Inadvertent discharge of patients with acute coronary syndrome from the emergency department is associated with increased mortality and liability, whereas inappropriate admission of patients without serious disease is neither indicated nor cost-effective. Clinical judgment and basic clinical tools (history, physical examination, and electrocardiogram) remain primary in meeting this challenge and affording early identification of low-risk patients with chest pain. Additionally, established and newer diagnostic methods have extended clinicians' diagnostic capacity in this setting. Low-risk patients presenting with chest pain are increasingly managed in chest pain units in which accelerated diagnostic protocols are performed, comprising serial electrocardiograms and cardiac injury markers to exclude acute coronary syndrome. Patients with negative findings usually complete the accelerated diagnostic protocol with a confirmatory test to exclude ischemia. This is typically an exercise treadmill test or a cardiac imaging study if the exercise treadmill test is not applicable. Rest myocardial perfusion imaging has assumed an important role in this setting. Computed tomography coronary angiography has also shown promise in this setting. A negative accelerated diagnostic protocol evaluation allows discharge, whereas patients with positive findings are admitted. This approach has been found to be safe, accurate, and cost-effective in low-risk patients presenting with chest pain.
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                Author and article information

                Journal
                CRD
                Cardiology
                10.1159/issn.0008-6312
                Cardiology
                S. Karger AG
                0008-6312
                1421-9751
                2021
                March 2021
                18 January 2021
                : 146
                : 2
                : 172-178
                Affiliations
                aDepartment of Cardiology, Juntendo University Nerima Hospital, Tokyo, Japan
                bDepartment of Cardiology, Juntendo University Shizuoka Hospital, Shizuoka, Japan
                cDepartment of Emergency Medicine, National Taiwan University Hospital, Taipei, Taiwan
                dDivision of Cardiology, Department of Internal Medicine, Taipei City Hospital Yangming Branch, Taipei, Taiwan
                eFujirebio Inc., Tokyo, Japan
                fDepartment of Cardiology, Juntendo University School of Medicine, Tokyo, Japan
                Author notes
                *Kenji Inoue, Department of Cardiology, Juntendo University Nerima Hospital, 3-1-10, Takanodai, Nerimaku, Tokyo 177-0033 (Japan), inouelsbm@gmail.com
                Article
                512185 Cardiology 2021;146:172–178
                10.1159/000512185
                33461202
                © 2021 The Author(s) Published by S. Karger AG, Basel

                This article is licensed under the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License (CC BY-NC). Usage and distribution for commercial purposes requires written permission. Drug Dosage: The authors and the publisher have exerted every effort to ensure that drug selection and dosage set forth in this text are in accord with current recommendations and practice at the time of publication. However, in view of ongoing research, changes in government regulations, and the constant flow of information relating to drug therapy and drug reactions, the reader is urged to check the package insert for each drug for any changes in indications and dosage and for added warnings and precautions. This is particularly important when the recommended agent is a new and/or infrequently employed drug. Disclaimer: The statements, opinions and data contained in this publication are solely those of the individual authors and contributors and not of the publishers and the editor(s). The appearance of advertisements or/and product references in the publication is not a warranty, endorsement, or approval of the products or services advertised or of their effectiveness, quality or safety. The publisher and the editor(s) disclaim responsibility for any injury to persons or property resulting from any ideas, methods, instructions or products referred to in the content or advertisements.

                Page count
                Figures: 3, Tables: 2, Pages: 7
                Categories
                Cardiovascular Biomarkers: Research Article

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