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      Stereotypes in the face of reality: Intergroup contact inconsistent with group stereotypes changes attitudes more than stereotype-consistent contact

      1 , 2 , 1
      Group Processes & Intergroup Relations
      SAGE Publications

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          Abstract

          In a longitudinal two-wave study we examined the effects of positive and negative intergroup contact on outgroup attitudes in participants who perceived positive, negative, or ambivalent group stereotypes. We focused on stereotype-consistent contact, occurring when the valence of participants’ contact matches the valence of the perceived group stereotype (e.g., negative–negative), and on stereotype-inconsistent contact, occurring when the valence of contact contradicts the valence of the group stereotype (e.g., positive–negative). In relations of the Czech majority ( N = 890) with two distinctly stereotyped minorities, the Roma and the Vietnamese, stereotype-inconsistent contact predicted changes in attitudes better than stereotype-consistent contact. In the case of negatively stereotyped groups, positive intergroup contact is a viable way to improve attitudes. For positively stereotyped groups, negative contact can worsen attitudes, while positive contact does not have any attitude-improving effect. Interventions aimed at improving outgroup attitudes need to be applied with caution, considering the valence of group stereotypes.

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          Most cited references5

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          The Nature of Prejudice

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            Dual-process theories in social psychology

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              Intergroup contact theory: Recent developments and future directions

              S Graf, Graf S. (2017)
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                Author and article information

                Contributors
                Journal
                Group Processes & Intergroup Relations
                Group Processes & Intergroup Relations
                SAGE Publications
                1368-4302
                1461-7188
                September 01 2020
                : 136843022094681
                Affiliations
                [1 ]Czech Academy of Sciences, Institute of Psychology
                [2 ]University of Modena and Reggio Emilia, Italy
                Article
                10.1177/1368430220946816
                8589bf6f-f991-47fe-96e0-f8381812ed8c
                © 2020

                http://journals.sagepub.com/page/policies/text-and-data-mining-license

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