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      Acute Increase of GABAergic Neurotransmission Exerts a Stimulatory Effect on GnRH Gene Expression in the Preoptic/Anterior Hypothalamic Area of Ovariectomized, Estrogen- and Progesterone-Treated Adult Female Rats

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          Abstract

          Although γ-aminobutyric acid (GABA) is known to play an important role in the regulation of GnRH release from the hypothalamus, GABAergic action on hypothalamic GnRH gene expression is poorly understood. The present study aims to evaluate the effects of several GABAergic compounds on GnRH mRNA and serum LH levels at the times of LH surge induced by estrogen plus progesterone treatment in long-term ovariectomized adult rats. Animals received either aminooxyacetic acid (AOAA, an inhibitor of GABA catabolism, i.p.), muscimol (GABA-A type agonist, i.c.v.) or baclofen (GABA-B type agonist, i.c.v.) 2 h prior to sacrifice. GnRH mRNA in the preoptic/anterior hypothalamic area and serum LH levels were determined by Northern blot analysis and LH radioimmunoassay, respectively. All of three GABA mimetics blocked the LH surge induced by estrogen plus progesterone in a dose-dependent manner. However, inhibition of GABA catabolism with AOAA in a dose range of 10-100 mg/kg b.w. increased GnRH mRNA level by 30%. Activation of GABA-A receptor with muscimol at a low dose (5 nmol) but not at high doses (10 and 30 nmol) elevated GnRH mRNA levels by 60% over the control value. Activation of GABA-B receptor with baclofen augmented GnRH mRNA levels in a dose-dependent manner. These observations indicate that acute increase of GABAergic neurotransmission may differentially regulate the release and GnRH gene expression depending on its receptor subtypes.

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          Author and article information

          Journal
          NEN
          Neuroendocrinology
          10.1159/issn.0028-3835
          Neuroendocrinology
          S. Karger AG
          0028-3835
          1423-0194
          1995
          1995
          09 April 2008
          : 61
          : 5
          : 486-492
          Affiliations
          Department of Molecular Biology and Research Center for Cell Differentiation, College of Natural Sciences, Seoul National University, Seoul, Korea
          Article
          126871 Neuroendocrinology 1995;61:486–492
          10.1159/000126871
          7617125
          © 1995 S. Karger AG, Basel

          Copyright: All rights reserved. No part of this publication may be translated into other languages, reproduced or utilized in any form or by any means, electronic or mechanical, including photocopying, recording, microcopying, or by any information storage and retrieval system, without permission in writing from the publisher. Drug Dosage: The authors and the publisher have exerted every effort to ensure that drug selection and dosage set forth in this text are in accord with current recommendations and practice at the time of publication. However, in view of ongoing research, changes in government regulations, and the constant flow of information relating to drug therapy and drug reactions, the reader is urged to check the package insert for each drug for any changes in indications and dosage and for added warnings and precautions. This is particularly important when the recommended agent is a new and/or infrequently employed drug. Disclaimer: The statements, opinions and data contained in this publication are solely those of the individual authors and contributors and not of the publishers and the editor(s). The appearance of advertisements or/and product references in the publication is not a warranty, endorsement, or approval of the products or services advertised or of their effectiveness, quality or safety. The publisher and the editor(s) disclaim responsibility for any injury to persons or property resulting from any ideas, methods, instructions or products referred to in the content or advertisements.

          Page count
          Pages: 7
          Categories
          Organization and Regulation of Hypothalamic Neurons

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