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      The role of cultural engagement for older adults: an integrative review of scientific literature Translated title: O papel do engajamento cultural para idosos: uma revisão integrativa da literatura

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          Abstract

          Abstract Objective: to understand the role of cultural engagement in the lives of older adults. Method: an integrative literature review of publications from 2014 and 2019 in English, Portuguese, and Spanish was conducted. The Scopus, Web of Science, MEDLINE/PubMed, CINAHL, PsycNET®, LILACS, SciELO Citation Index and Science Direct databases were used as sources of information. The descriptors “aged” and the related term “cultural engagement” in the three idioms were used in the search, together with the Boolean operators “AND” or “ OR”. A total of 12 articles that met the inclusion criteria were found. These were categorized based on the theme. No Brazilian studies were found. Results: the panorama found revealed that older adults are more interested in receptive cultural activities, such as going to museums, exhibitions and the theater, as these enrich and add greater social value to their lives. Cultural engagement was associated with a reduction in the incidence of neuropsychiatric disorders (dementia and depression), as well as reducing the incidence of episodes of violence. Participation in cultural activities also constituted a protective factor for cognitive abilities and for the reduction of chronic pain. There is also evidence that associates cultural engagement with a better perception of quality of life and greater well-being, happiness and positive affect, as well as the reduction of negative affect. Conclusion: engaging in cultural activities is a way of understanding and respecting cultural diversity, salvaging social identities, and enjoying and providing experiences of great social value, with beneficial impacts in the lives of older adults.

          Translated abstract

          Resumo Objetivo: Compreender o papel do engajamento cultural na vida dos idosos. Método: Foi feita revisão integrativa da literatura, considerando publicações do período de 2014 a 2019, nos idiomas inglês, português e espanhol. Foram utilizadas como fontes de informação: Scopus, Web of Science, MEDLINE/PubMed, CINAHL, PsycNET®, LILACS, SciELO Citation Index e Science Direct. Para a busca, utilizaram-se os descritores “idosos” e os termos de busca “engajamento cultural” nos três idiomas, utilizando os operadores booleanos “AND” ou “OR”. Foram identificados 12 artigos que atenderam aos critérios de seleção. Os artigos foram categorizados quanto ao tema. Nenhum estudo brasileiro foi encontrado. Resultados: O panorama apresentou que os idosos se interessavam mais por atividades culturais receptivas, tais como ir a museus, exposições e teatro, pois essas atividades os enriqueciam e lhes agregavam maior valor social. O engajamento cultural esteve associado à redução da incidência de doenças neuropsiquiátricas (demência e depressão) e de episódios de violência. A participação em atividades culturais também se constituiu como fator protetor para as habilidades cognitivas e para redução de dor crônica. Ainda há evidências que associam o engajamento cultural à melhor percepção da qualidade de vida, bem-estar, felicidade e afeto positivo, assim como redução do afeto negativo. Conclusão: Engajar-se em atividades culturais é uma forma de compreender e respeitar a diversidade cultural, resgatar as identidades sociais, usufruir e proporcionar experiências de alto valor social, com impactos benéficos na vida dos idosos.

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          Most cited references 31

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          Effectiveness and cost-effectiveness of community singing on mental health-related quality of life of older people: randomised controlled trial.

          As the population ages, older people account for a greater proportion of the health and social care budget. Whereas some research has been conducted on the use of music therapy for specific clinical populations, little rigorous research has been conducted looking at the value of community singing on the mental health-related quality of life of older people.
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            The role of positive affect in pain and its treatment.

            This narrative review summarizes and integrates the available literature on positive affect (PA) and pain to: (1) provide a brief overview of PA and summarize the key findings that have emerged in the study of PA and pain; (2) provide a theoretical foundation from which to understand how PA operates in the context of chronic pain (CP); and (3) highlight how the prevailing psychosocial treatments for CP address PA in the therapeutic context, and offer suggestions for how future treatment development research can maximize the benefit of PA for patients with CP.
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              Museums and art galleries as partners for public health interventions.

              The majority of public health programmes are based in schools, places of employment and in community settings. Likewise, nearly all health-care interventions occur in clinics and hospitals. An underdeveloped area for public health-related planning that carries international implications is the cultural heritage sector, and specifically museums and art galleries. This paper presents a rationale for the use of museums and art galleries as sites for public health interventions and health promotion programmes through discussing the social role of these organisations in the health and well-being of the communities they serve. Recent research from several countries is reviewed and integrated into a proposed framework for future collaboration between cultural heritage, health-care and university sectors to further advance research, policy development and evidence-based practice.
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                Author and article information

                Contributors
                Role: ND
                Role: ND
                Journal
                rbgg
                Revista Brasileira de Geriatria e Gerontologia
                Rev. bras. geriatr. gerontol.
                Universidade do Estado do Rio Janeiro (Rio de Janeiro, RJ, Brazil )
                1809-9823
                1981-2256
                2020
                : 23
                : 6
                Affiliations
                Rio de Janeiro Rio de Janeiro orgnameUniversidade Federal do Rio de Janeiro orgdiv1Faculdade de Medicina orgdiv2Departamento de Terapia Ocupacional Brazil
                Rio de Janeiro RJ orgnameInstituto Federal de Educação Ciência e Tecnologia do Rio de Janeiro Brazil
                Article
                S1809-98232020000600301 S1809-9823(20)02300600301
                10.1590/1981-22562020023.190141

                This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

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                Figures: 0, Tables: 0, Equations: 0, References: 39, Pages: 0
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