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      Construction of the dimensional evaluation system of middle school students' health behavior in the core area of physical education and health

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          Abstract

          Objective Based on the core elements of plysical and health literacy and related sports work guidelines, the study aims to build a dimensional evaluation system of students’ healthy behaviors.

          Methods Literature review, questionnaire survey, Delphi expert method and analytic hierarchy process were used in the study.

          Results The three level of indicators evaluating students’ healthy behaviors were constructed, including exercise habits, emotional regulation, and adaptive ability as primary indicators, as well as class attendance and participation (9. 80%), competition participation (8. 29%), weekly exercise frequency (3.77%), participation in extracurricular leisure sports (7. 65%), and self-expression in class, joy (10.06%), challenges and breakthroughs in class (8.74%), attitudes to sports (11.45%), healthy and civilized lifestyles (6.56%), conscious improvement of physical fitness and status (7.22%), mental health (8.49%) and interpersonal skills (7.98%). The ANP method was used to construct a dimensional evaluation model of student health behavior, and the analytic hierarchy process was used to analyze the weights of various indicators. The results showed that the weights of exercise habits, emotional regulation, and adaptive ability of the primary indicators of student health behavior assessment were 39.50%, 30.25%, and 30.25%, and the weights of related secondary indicators.

          Conclusion The most important indicator evaluating students ' healthy behaviors is the students’ attitude towards sports and the actual situation of participating in sports. It reflects the true demands of students’ healthy behavior development. The student health behavior dimension evaluation system is scientific and reasonable, and it is developmental.

          Abstract

          【摘要】目的 以体育与健康学科核心素养和相关体育工作的指导方针为依据, 构建学生健康行为维度评价体系, 为促进学生在运动技能、体能、体育健身理念和健康维护能力全面发展提供参考。 方法 采用文献资料法、问卷调査法、德尔菲专家法和层次分析法构建中学生健康行为测评体系和评估模型。 结果 确定学生健康行为的评价指标, 包括锻炼 习惯、情绪调控和适应能力3个一级指标, 以及课堂出勤和参与度 (9.80%)、比赛参与情况 (8.29%)、每周锻炼频率 (3.77%)、参加课外休闲运动 (7.65%)、课中自我表达和喜悦 (10.06%)、课中挑战和突破 (8.74%)、对运动的态度 (11.45%)、健康文明生活方式 (6.56%)、自觉改善体质和现状 (7.22%)、心理健康水平 (8.49%)和人际交往能力 (7.98%) 11 个二级指标。运用层次分析法构建出学生健康行为维度测评模型, 分析出各指标的权重。结果表明学生健康行为测评一 级指标锻炼习惯、情绪调控和适应能力所占权重分别为 39.50%, 30.25%和 30.25%。 结论 对学生健康行为评价影响最主 要的是学生自身对运动的态度以及参与运动的实际情况, 其余指标均有不同程度的影响。反映了学生健康行为发展的真 实诉求。学生健康行为维度测评体系科学合理, 具有发展性。

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          Author and article information

          Journal
          CJSH
          Chinese Journal of School Health
          Chinese Journal of School Health (China )
          1000-9817
          01 March 2020
          01 March 2020
          : 41
          : 3
          : 361-364
          Affiliations
          [1] 1College of Physical Education, Shanghai Normal University, Shanghai (200234), China
          Author notes
          *Corresponding author: TANG Lijun, E-mail: Ljtang1976@ 123456shnu.edu.cn
          Article
          j.cnki.1000-9817.2020.03.011
          10.16835/j.cnki.1000-9817.2020.03.011
          8636ccc0-5d5d-427c-a41a-e96fea40e05c
          © 2020 Chinese Journal of School Health

          This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 Unported License (CC BY-NC 4.0), which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited. See https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0/.

          Product
          Self URI (journal-page): http://www.cjsh.org.cn
          Categories
          Journal Article

          Ophthalmology & Optometry,Pediatrics,Nutrition & Dietetics,Clinical Psychology & Psychiatry,Public health
          Sports,Health education,Students,Health behavior,Models, statistical

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