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      Comparison of physical fitness and physiological function of children and adolescents with different nutritional status in Beijing-Tianjin-Hebei Region

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          Abstract

          Objective To understand physical fitness and physiological function level of children and adolescents with different nutritional status in Beijing-Tianjin-Hebei Region, and to provide reference for physical health promotion and intervention of children and adolescents.

          Methods From September to December 2019, 4 424 children and adolescents aged 7-18 years old in Bei-jing-Tianjin-Hebei Region were tested for different nutritional status, physical fitness and physiological function by using stratified cluster sampling method.

          Results The detection rates of malnutrition, normal, overweight and obesity were 7.93%, 67.36% and 24.71%, respectively.There were differences in heart rate, systolic blood pressure, diastolic blood pressure, vital capacity body mass index, grip strength body mass index, oblique pull-up/pull-up, standing long jump, 50 m running, 1 000 m running, and BMI in boys with different nutritional status statistical significance ( Z =9.6, 55.2, 118.6, 332.5, 122.8, 15.6, 49.5, 47.5, 12.6, 113.5, P<0.01); There were differences in heart rate, systolic blood pressure, diastolic blood pressure, vital capacity body mass index, grip strength body mass index, sit-up for 1 minute, standing long jump, 50 m running, 800 m running and physical fitness index in girls with different nutritional status statistical significance ( Z = 33.9, 24.5, 46.5, 262.5, 102.6, 32.5, 27.5, 33.6, 27.6, 51.6, P<0.01). Correlation analysis showed that the nutritional status of boys was positively correlated with systolic blood pressure, diastolic blood pressure, 50 m running, and 1 000 m running ( r = 0.27, 0.31, 0.14, 0.16, P<0.05), and was correlated with heart rate, vital capacity, body mass index, grip strength body mass index, oblique pull-up/pull-up, standing long jump, and BMI were negatively correlated ( r = −0.07, −0.62, −0.41, −0.21, −0.35, −0.29, P<0.05); nutritional status of girls it was positively correlated with systolic blood pressure, diastolic blood pressure, and 800 m running ( r = 0.21, 0.27, 0.22, P<0.05), and negatively correlated with heart rate, vital capacity BMI, grip strength BMI, and BMI ( r= −0.12, −0.49, −0.32, −0.18, P<0.05).

          Conclusion The nutritional status of children and adolescents in Beijing-Tianjin-Hebei Region is related to physical fitness and physiological function. Overweight and obese child have lower physical fitness and physiological function. In the future, childhood overweight and obesity should be effectively controlled to better promote the development of physical fitness and physiological function.

          Abstract

          【摘要】 目的 了解京津冀地区不同营养状况儿童青少年身体素质和生理功能水平及其相关性, 为儿童青少年体质健康 促进和干预提供参考和帮助。 方法 2019 年 9一12 月, 以班级为单位采用分层整群抽样方法, 在京津冀地区对 4 424 名 7~18 岁中小学生进行营养状况、身体素质和生理功能指标测试。 结果 中小学生消瘦、正常、超重肥胖检出率分别为 7.93%, 67.36%, 24.71%。不同营养状况男生心率、收缩压、舒张压、肺活量体重指数、握力体重指数、斜身引体/引体向上、立定跳 远、50 m 跑、1 000 m 跑、体能指数水平相比较, 差异均有统计学意义 ( Z 值分别为 9.6, 55.2, 118.6, 332.5, 122.8, 15.6, 49.5, 47.5, 12.6, 113.5, P 值均<0.01); 不同营养状况女生心率、收缩压、舒张压、肺活量体重指数、握力体重指数、1 min 仰卧起 坐、立定跳远、50 m 跑、800 m 跑、体能指数水平相比较, 差异均有统计学意义 ( Z 值分别为 33.9, 24.5, 46.5, 262.5, 102.6, 32.5, 27.5, 33.6, 27.6, 51.6, P 值均<0.01)。男生体质量指数与收缩压、舒张压、50 m 跑、1 000 m 跑呈正相关 ( r 值分别为 0.27, 0.31, 0.14, 0.16), 与心率、肺活量体重指数、握力体重指数、斜身引体/引体向上、立定跳远、体能指数呈负相关 ( r 值分 别为 −0.07, −0.62, −0.41, −0.21, −0.35, −0.29) ( P 值均<0.05); 女生体质量指数与收缩压、舒张压、800 m跑呈正相关 ( r 值 分别为 0.21, 0.27, 0.22), 与心率、肺活量体重指数、握力体重指数、体能指数呈负相关 ( r 值分别为 −0.12, −0.49, −0.32, −0.18) ( P 值均<0.05)。 结论 京津冀地区儿童青少年营养状况与身体素质和生理功能存在相关, 超重肥胖者身体素质和 生理功能较低。应有效控制超重肥胖的发生, 以更好促进身体素质和生理功能发展。

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          Author and article information

          Journal
          CJSH
          Chinese Journal of School Health
          Chinese Journal of School Health (China )
          1000-9817
          01 June 2022
          01 June 2022
          : 43
          : 6
          : 894-897
          Affiliations
          [1] 1Department of Physical Education, Tianjin Vocational and Technical Normal University, Tianjin (300350), China
          Article
          j.cnki.1000-9817.2022.06.023
          10.16835/j.cnki.1000-9817.2022.06.023
          8640ec94-e4ad-4c82-8227-84a077f32e53
          © 2022 Chinese Journal of School Health

          This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 Unported License (CC BY-NC 4.0), which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited. See https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0/.

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          Self URI (journal-page): http://www.cjsh.org.cn
          Categories
          Journal Article

          Ophthalmology & Optometry,Pediatrics,Nutrition & Dietetics,Clinical Psychology & Psychiatry,Public health
          Adolescent,Child,Growth and development,Nutritional status,Physical fitness

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