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      Determination of 17-Hydroxyprogesterone in Plasma by Stable Isotope Dilution/Benchtop Liquid Chromatography-Tandem Mass Spectrometry

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          Abstract

          An assay based on stable isotope dilution liquid chromatography-tandem mass spectrometry (ID/LC-MS-MS) was developed for the quantification of 17-hydroxyprogesterone, the most important indicator of 21-hydroxylase deficiency in human plasma. Plasma was extracted using ethyl acetate and Extrelut<sup>®</sup> columns. LC was performed on a reversed-phase C18 column using a water/methanol gradient. A benchtop triple quadrupole mass spectrometer, operating in selected reaction monitoring mode, served as mass detector. The analytical run time was 9 min per sample. The sensitivity was high: 0.06 pmol of 17-hydroxyprogesterone yielded a signal-to-noise ratio of 13. Precision (CV) and accuracy (relative error) derived from the analyses of unspiked and spiked validation samples were 7.4–12.0% and 6.4%, respectively. When analyzing the same samples – median (range), in nanomoles per liter – from neonates and adults independently by ID/LC-MS-MS as well as by ID/gas chromatography (GC)-MS, corresponding results were obtained: neonates (n = 10), ID/LC-MS-MS 3.99 (0.48–16.05), ID/GC-MS 5.39 (1.57–13.02); adults (n = 10), ID/LC-MS-MS 2.66 (1.39–6.15), ID/GC-MS 2.54 (0.51–5.12). The technique permitted reliable detection of classical and nonclassical forms of 21- hydroxylase deficiency. The much simpler sample preparation, the faster analytical run time and the operational ease possible with ID/LC-MS-MS permit a considerable increase of sample testing per day without compromising on analytical sensitivity and specificity. We expect that benchtop tandem mass spectrometry will open new avenues in clinical steroid analysis.

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          Androgen metabolism assessment by routine gas chromatography/mass spectrometry profiling of plasma steroids: Part 1, Unconjugated steroids.

          Using gas chromatography/mass spectrometry we have developed a method for the simultaneous determination of six plasma steroids: testosterone, 4-androstenedione, 17 alpha-hydroxyprogesterone, 5 alpha-androstane-3 alpha,17 beta-diol, 5 alpha-dihydrotestosterone, and dehydroepiandrosterone. For each analyte, a deuterium-labeled internal standard was used for quantification. Due to the high isotopic purity of our standards, no complex corrections for isotope contributions were necessary. The procedure provides a sensitive and specific technique with good accuracy and precision.
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            A confirmatory HPLC-MS/MS method for ten synthetic corticosteroids in bovine urines.

            In the present study, an HPLC-MS/MS method to confirm, in bovine urine, the most common synthetic corticosteroids illegally used as growth promoters in livestock breeding will be presented. An API III-Plus (PE-Sciex) triple quadrupole mass spectrometer, interfaced by means of an atmospheric pressure chemical ionization source to the HPLC system, was used. Urine samples were treated with a sulfatase-glucuronidase mixture to cleave the drug-conjugates and then extracted on C18 disposable columns. LC separations were performed on a reversed-phase C18 column with ammonium acetate 0.1 M/acetonitrile (60/40, v/v) as mobile phase. Detection was performed in multiple reaction monitoring mode, negative ions, selecting fragmentations characteristic of 10 corticosteroids used more frequently. Good results, in terms of sensitivity and specificity have been obtained for nine corticosteroids that can be analyzed in the same HPLC run; the limits of sensitivity achieved were 0.05-1.0 ng/ml in urine. Only a more polar corticosteroid, required a different HPLC separation. Practical applications of this technique to real samples proved that it is an effective method to confirm the illegal use of corticosteroids as growth promoter in animal. In comparison with the chemical GC-MS methods the simpler sample preparation and the faster time of analysis permit a considerable increase of sample testing per day without compromising on analytical sensitivity and specificity.
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              Synthesis of deuterium-labeled 17-hydroxyprogesterone suitable as an internal standard for isotope dilution mass spectrometry.

              A synthesis is reported of 17-hydroxyprogesterone, labeled with four atoms of deuterium at ring C and suitable for use as an internal standard for isotope dilution mass spectrometry. Base-catalyzed equilibration of methyl 3 alpha-acetoxy-12-oxo-cholanate (III) with 2H2O, followed by reduction of the 12-oxo group by the modified Wolff-Kisher method using [2H]diethylene glycol and [2H]hydrazine hydrate afforded [11,11,12,12,23,23(-2)H]lithocholic acid (V). The Meystre-Miescher degradation of the side chain of V yielded 3 alpha-hydroxy-5 beta-[11,11,12,12(-2)H]pregnan-20-one (X). Oxidation of the 3,20-enol-diacetate of X with perbenzoic acid followed by saponification afforded 3 alpha,17-dihydroxy-5 beta-[11,11,12,12(-2)H]pregnan-20-one (XI). Oxidation of XI with N-bromoacetamide yielded 17-hydroxy-5 beta-[11,11,12,12(-2)H]pregnane-3,20-dione (XII). Bromination of XII followed by dehydrobromination yielded 17-hydroxy-[11,11,12,12(-2)H] progesterone (XIV), consisting of 0.3% 2H0-, 1.1% 2H1-, 8.6% 2H2-, 37.1% 2H3-, 52.1% 2H4-, and 0.8% 2H5-species.
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                Author and article information

                Journal
                HRE
                Horm Res Paediatr
                10.1159/issn.1663-2818
                Hormone Research in Paediatrics
                S. Karger AG
                1663-2818
                1663-2826
                2000
                2000
                08 September 2000
                : 53
                : 2
                : 68-71
                Affiliations
                aSteroid Laboratory, Department of Pediatrics, University of Ulm, and bPE Biosystems, Langen, Germany
                Article
                23516 Horm Res 2000;53:68–71
                10.1159/000023516
                10971091
                © 2000 S. Karger AG, Basel

                Copyright: All rights reserved. No part of this publication may be translated into other languages, reproduced or utilized in any form or by any means, electronic or mechanical, including photocopying, recording, microcopying, or by any information storage and retrieval system, without permission in writing from the publisher. Drug Dosage: The authors and the publisher have exerted every effort to ensure that drug selection and dosage set forth in this text are in accord with current recommendations and practice at the time of publication. However, in view of ongoing research, changes in government regulations, and the constant flow of information relating to drug therapy and drug reactions, the reader is urged to check the package insert for each drug for any changes in indications and dosage and for added warnings and precautions. This is particularly important when the recommended agent is a new and/or infrequently employed drug. Disclaimer: The statements, opinions and data contained in this publication are solely those of the individual authors and contributors and not of the publishers and the editor(s). The appearance of advertisements or/and product references in the publication is not a warranty, endorsement, or approval of the products or services advertised or of their effectiveness, quality or safety. The publisher and the editor(s) disclaim responsibility for any injury to persons or property resulting from any ideas, methods, instructions or products referred to in the content or advertisements.

                Page count
                Figures: 2, Tables: 2, References: 11, Pages: 4
                Categories
                Original Paper

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