0
views
0
recommends
+1 Recommend
1 collections
    0
    shares
      • Record: found
      • Abstract: found
      • Article: found

      Pseudohypoaldosteronism: Family Studies to Identify Asymptomatic Carriers by Stimulation of the Renin-Aldosterone System

      Read this article at

      ScienceOpenPublisherPubMed
      Bookmark
          There is no author summary for this article yet. Authors can add summaries to their articles on ScienceOpen to make them more accessible to a non-specialist audience.

          Abstract

          Defective aldosterone receptor binding is present in pseudohypoaldosteronism, and sporadic as well as familial cases have been reported. In familial pseudohypoaldosteronism, autosomal dominant as well as autosomal recessive inheritance has been described. The autosomal dominant form is characterized by a relative mild course of the disease and asymptomatic carriers of the defect in these families, whereas the autosomal recessive form is characterized by severe salt-losing symptoms; not uncommonly these families are consanguineous. To date no genetic mutation has been identified in the aldosterone receptor gene of affected patients. Studies to evaluate the biochemical defect and to characterize the inheritance pattern are of major interest for clinical as well as research purposes. Thus we studied the response of the renin-angiotensin-aldosterone system to sodium depletion using a single dose of furosemide. In 5 patients from five nonconsanguineous families and in all available family members the renin and aldosterone levels as well as serum sodium was measured before and after an oral dose of furosemide. The aldosterone receptor binding of peripheral mononuclear leukocytes was determined at the beginning of the study. In three families asymptomatic carriers of the defect could be identified in the baseline state by elevated levels of basal aldosterone and high renin concentration. The levels of renin and aldosterone did not differ between the symptomatic and asymptomatic individuals in these families. Interestingly the aldosterone receptor binding in the asymptomatic carriers of these families was normal. In the other two families, however, the basal hormonal data were normal in all relatives suggesting at first sporadic cases. During sodium depletion with furosemide, renin as well as aldosterone levels rose significantly in 1 parent and a sibling, respectively. In contrast to the first three families the aldosterone receptor binding in these family members was low. We propose to reclassify these family members as asymptomatic carriers and the patients as familial cases. Whether these cases are genetically identical to the ‘classical autosomal dominant cases’ remains to be seen. It seems that the pathogenesis of pseudohypoaldosteronism is even more heterogeneous than previously thought and factors other than aldosterone receptor binding are crucial and need further identification.

          Related collections

          Author and article information

          Journal
          HRE
          Horm Res Paediatr
          10.1159/issn.1663-2818
          Hormone Research in Paediatrics
          S. Karger AG
          1663-2818
          1663-2826
          1996
          1996
          09 December 2008
          : 46
          : 3
          : 124-129
          Affiliations
          aUniversity Children’s Hospital, Munich; bUniversitätsklinikum der Technischen Universität und cStädtisches Klinikum Friedrichstadt, Dresden, Germany
          Article
          185008 Horm Res 1996;46:124–129
          10.1159/000185008
          8894667
          © 1996 S. Karger AG, Basel

          Copyright: All rights reserved. No part of this publication may be translated into other languages, reproduced or utilized in any form or by any means, electronic or mechanical, including photocopying, recording, microcopying, or by any information storage and retrieval system, without permission in writing from the publisher. Drug Dosage: The authors and the publisher have exerted every effort to ensure that drug selection and dosage set forth in this text are in accord with current recommendations and practice at the time of publication. However, in view of ongoing research, changes in government regulations, and the constant flow of information relating to drug therapy and drug reactions, the reader is urged to check the package insert for each drug for any changes in indications and dosage and for added warnings and precautions. This is particularly important when the recommended agent is a new and/or infrequently employed drug. Disclaimer: The statements, opinions and data contained in this publication are solely those of the individual authors and contributors and not of the publishers and the editor(s). The appearance of advertisements or/and product references in the publication is not a warranty, endorsement, or approval of the products or services advertised or of their effectiveness, quality or safety. The publisher and the editor(s) disclaim responsibility for any injury to persons or property resulting from any ideas, methods, instructions or products referred to in the content or advertisements.

          Page count
          Pages: 6
          Categories
          Original Paper

          Comments

          Comment on this article