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      Diurnal Variation in Neuroendocrine Response to Stress in Rats: Plasma ACTH, β-Endorphin, β-LPH, Corticosterone, Prolactin and Pituitary Cyclic AMP Responses

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          Abstract

          The effects of restraint stress applied at different times of the day on levels of five stress-responsive plasma hormones (ACTH, β-endorphin, β-LPH, corticosterone and prolactin) and pituitary cyclic AMP levels were assessed. Different groups of rats were subjected to 15 min of restraint stress at 2-hour intervals over a 24-hour period. Rats were sacrificed immediately upon removal from their home cage (controls) or immediately following restraint (stressed). The time of day of stress exposure markedly affected the stress responses measured. Generally, responses to stress applied at the beginning of the dark cycle (18.00) were less than those seen following stress applied at the beginning of the light cycle (06.00). Stress at 06.00 increased levels of pituitary cyclic AMP 10-fold, while stress applied at 18.00 did not significantly increase pituitary cyclic AMP levels. In stressed rats, high correlations were seen among levels of hormones derived from the common precursor, proopiomelanocortin (ACTH, β-endorphin, β-LPH) and between these hormones and levels of pituitary cyclic AMP. These findings support the hypothesis that pituitary cyclic AMP is involved in the stress-induced release or synthesis of the pituitary hormones ACTH, β-endorphin, and β-LPH.

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          Author and article information

          Journal
          NEN
          Neuroendocrinology
          10.1159/issn.0028-3835
          Neuroendocrinology
          S. Karger AG
          0028-3835
          1423-0194
          1986
          1986
          01 April 2008
          : 43
          : 3
          : 383-390
          Affiliations
          Department of Medical Neurosciences, Walter Reed Army Institute of Research. Walter Reed Army Medical Center, Washington D.C., USA
          Article
          124553 Neuroendocrinology 1986;43:383–390
          10.1159/000124553
          3016585
          © 1986 S. Karger AG, Basel

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          Page count
          Pages: 8
          Categories
          Original Paper

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